APPLICATION OF GEOINFORMATION SYSTEMS AT FAST MEDICAL AID
One of the pressing problems of modern Ukraine is to improve the medical care of the population, in particular in small towns and settlements. Health as a branch of human activity is currently experiencing a period of active informatization. In the conditions of accelerated scientific and technological progress, the introduction of information technologies into various fields of medicine becomes particularly relevant. One of the important aspects of this process is the analysis of the spatial organization of the health care system, the identification of its disadvantages and advantages, the assessment of geographical factors in the process of providing urgent ambulance. Therefore, one of the components of the medical state information system should be the medical geoinformation system, which is designed to solve problems at different levels: regional, regional and local, which creates the preconditions for the formation of different segments of this system.
Application of geoinformation technologies and spatial analysis in healthcare relies on a number of areas of knowledge: medical and socio-economic geography, geography of transport and geostation, and many others. A separate task, which can be solved by means of the medical geoinformation system, is the dispatching of ambulances. That is, in our time, the system of providing emergency medical care to the population has become very urgent and of great socioeconomic importance. The system of emergency medical care in our time requires radical changes, as in most post-Soviet settlements, old ambulances are still operating, obsolete equipment is used. And the dispatch system needs a cardinal reorganization.
This research is devoted to the issues of creating a geographic information system that could be used to address the issues of dispatching ambulance vehicles and improving the service of the population.
To resolve this issue, we propose the creation of one of the most widely used geographic information systems in the world, namely ArcGIS from the American company Esri. With the help of the features of this software, tasks such as registration of patient registration calls, search of the nearest ambulance, search of the shortest path to the patient were solved.
Recommendations on the introduction of geoinformation technologies in the healthcare sector are given. That will contribute to improving the quality of life of the population and timely provision of medical services.
Keywords: fast medical aid, geoinformation system, shortest path, attribute table.
How to Cite
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).