FEATURES OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE TERRITORY OF UKRAINE
The results of analysis of municipal solid waste management methods on the territory of Ukraine during 2017 are presented. Determined that the main method of municipal solid waste disposal in Ukraine is landfill burial (93.35% of all municipal solid waste). As a result of such way of management, over 1.3 billion tons of municipal solid waste have been accumulated during previous years. Moreover, most landfills do not comply the requirements of environmental safety. Only 57 landfills from 5434 in Ukraine have filtrate collection system and only 40 have technological capabilities for filtrate neutralization. Only 13 landfills have biogas collection systems, of which 6 landfills burn biogas in a flare, and 7 landfills use cogeneration units. At the same time, in 2017 for reconstruction purposes only 8 000 UAH for each landfill hectare was spent from the state and local budgets, which is catastrophically small for such dangerous objects. There is only one incinerator in Ukraine, which utilizes only 2.48% of the generated waste. Since the incinerator have not effective gas emissions cleaning system, which can remove only dust and ash particles using electrofilters, all other pollutants are emitted into the environment without neutralization. The implementation of separate collection systems for municipal solid waste has very low speed. Officially today such systems are implemented in 2.9% of localitys in Ukraine, many of which work on small areas or do not work at all. No composting systems for organic waste are used at all. In 2017 less than 0.01% of the municipal solid waste was composted. All this facts testify that today the state does not have a single strategy in the field of municipal solid waste management and the necessary attention to such extremely acute environmental problems.
Municipal Solid Waste in the United States - Statistics & Facts. Retrieved from: https://www.statista.com/topics/2707/municipal-solid-waste-in-the-united-states.
Daskal, S, Ayalon, O, Shechter, M. (2018) The state of municipal solid waste management in Israel. Waste Manag Res. Jun;36(6):527-534. doi: 10.1177/0734242X18770248.
Ahsan, A., Alamgir, M., El-Sergany, M. M., Shams, S, Rowshon, M. K. and Nik Daud, N. N. (2014). Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management System in a Developing Country. Chinese Journal of Engineering. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/561935.
Womack Japes, P., Jones Daniel, T. (2003) Lean Thinking: Banish Waste and Create Wealth in Your Corporation (2 nd ed.). - New York, NY: Free Press.
Radovenchyk, V.M., and Gomelya, M.D. (2010). Tverdi vidhody: zbir, pererobka, skladuvannia [Solid Waste: Collect and Recycle], Kondor, Kyiv, Ukraine.
Municipal Waste Treatment (2016). Retrieved from: http://www.cewep.eu/2018/07/05/municipal-waste-treatment-2016.
Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives. Retrieved from: http://eurlex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32008L0098.
State of Waste Management in Ukraine in 2017. (n.d.). Retrieved from: http://www.minregion.gov.ua/napryamki-diyalnosti/zhkh/terretory/stan-sferi-povodzhennya-z-pobutovimi-vidhodami-v-ukrayini-za-2017-rik.
The concept of the introduction of a modern system of household waste management in the Kyiv region in 2017-2022. – КОDА, 2017. – 43.
National project "Clean City" as a way to solve the problem of solid household waste management in Ukraine - Retrieved from: http://www.clean.citi.com.ua.
Berezovska Yu., Hamola N. (2005). Civilization of rubbish. Kontrakty, 33, 18 – 24.
Drozd, I.P., Sklyarenko, V.I. Review of methods of utilization of solid household waste. Retrieved from:
Tanmoy Karak, Bhagat R. M.& Pradip Bhattacharyya (2012). Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Composition, and Management: The World Scenario. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 15. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.569871
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).