FORMATION OF AN OPEN INNOVATION MODEL IN THE CONDITIONS OF DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION OF SOCIETY

  • H. Bazetska O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv
  • V. Yesina O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv
  • T. Pushkar O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv
Keywords: innovations, open innovations, digital transformation, information society

Abstract

The active development of globalization and the formation of the information society contribute to the transformation of approaches to innovative activities. The purpose of the article is to consider the formation of an open innovation model in the modern information space. The latest approaches to the openness of knowledge, the creation of platforms for the development of open science, the tendency to increase the openness of research processes are reflected in the concept of open innovation.

The model of open innovation provides a new cycle of creation and implementation of an innovative product. This model involves the active use of information about innovative products from the outside, increasing the availability of such information. The open innovation model determines not only the active use of external sources of innovation, but also provides for the increase in the openness of their own developments and the willingness of companies to the fact that at any stage innovation can go beyond the company and be implemented by other business structures. In the EU countries, the concept of open innovation is reflected in the principles defined in the European policy for knowledge transfer and open innovation. The new paradigm of innovations "Open Innovation 2.0" of the EU is the basis for the formation of their model in Ukraine. "Open Innovation 2.0" is based on the model of four spirals, where government, industry, academia and citizens work together to create the future together and carry out structural changes. Knowledge transfer, ecosystem approach, development of structures and mechanisms for exchange of information and experience are identified as the main tools for the development of open innovation.

It is defined in the article that the active participation of the country in the European Open Science Cloud and the European Cloud Initiative are important stages in the development of the open innovation model in Ukraine. The European Open Science Cloud is Europe's virtual environment for all researchers to store, manage, analyze and reuse data for research, innovative and educational tasks. The European Open Science Cloud and the European Cloud Initiative are elements of integration into the European Research Area as a basis for access to new knowledge and increasing their openness.

The development of the information society in Ukraine contributes to the formation of conditions for the implementation of the main components of the open innovation model defined by the European policy of knowledge transfer and open innovation. The transition to a new perception of innovation, the use of all opportunities to obtain new knowledge in the open scientific space, active participation in the system formation processes for open knowledge transfer in the EU can create a solid foundation for innovative changes in the national economy.

Author Biographies

H. Bazetska, O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

PhD in Economics, Associate Professor

V. Yesina, O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

PhD in Economics, Associate Professor

T. Pushkar, O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

PhD in Economics, Associate Professor

References

1. Chesbrough, H. W. (2003) Open Innovation: the New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press, 2003
2. Chesbrough, H. (2006) Open Business Models: How to Thrive in the New Innovation Landscape. Boston : Harvard Business School Press, 2006, 272 p.
3. Chesboro H. (2007) Otkrity byznes-modely. IP-menedzhment / Per. s anhl. V.N. Ehorova. Moskva : Pokolenye, 2007, 336 р.
4. Using Open Innovation to Identify the Best Ideas / by A. King, K.R. Lakhani. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257526888_
5. Gassmann O., Enkel E. (2004) Towards a theory of open innovation: three core process archetypes. The Proceedings of the R&D Management conference. Lisbon, Portuga, P. 1–18.
6. Nikitin Yu.O., Melnyk M.V. (2016) Paradyhma «vidkrytykh innovatsii» yak vyznachennia vidkrytoho innovatsiinoho protsesu. Innovatsiina ekonomika, 7–8, 42–45.
7. Lazarenko Yu.O. (2014) Peredumovy zaprovadzhennia vidkrytykh innovatsii u pidpryiemnytskomu sektori Ukrainy. Molodyi vchenyi, 12 (15), 179–183.
8. Chervanov D.(2012) Priorytetni napriamky realizatsii vidkrytykh innovatsii v Ukraini. Visnyk Kyivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka, Vyp. 136, 4–7.
9. Laursen K., Salter A. (2014) The paradox of openness: Appropriability, external search and collaboration . Research Policy, Vol. 43, Issue 5, 867–878.
10. Open Science/ Digital Single Market. URL: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/open-science
11. Realising the European Open Science Cloud / First report and recommendations of the Commission High Level Expert Group on the European Open Science Cloud / Directorate-General for Research and Innovation / 2016. URL: https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/realising_the_european_open_science_cloud_2016.pdf#view=fit&pagemode=none
12. European Research Infrastructures. URL: https://ec.europa.eu/info/research-and-innovation/strategy/european-research-infrastructures_en
13. European Research Area. URL: https://ec.europa.eu/info/research-and-innovation/strategy/era_en
14. Portulans Institute. The Network Readiness Index. URL: https://networkreadinessindex.org/
15. Dorozhnia karta intehratsii Ukrainy do Yevropeiskoho doslidnytskoho prostoru (ERA-UA) (2018) : skhvaleno rishenniam kolehii M-va osvity i nauky Ukrainy protokol vid 22.03.2018, 3/1-7. URL: https://mon.gov.ua/storage/app/media/kolegiya-ministerstva/2018/05/1-dorozhnya-karta-integratsii-ukraini-doevro.pdf
Published
2020-11-27
How to Cite
BazetskaH., YesinaV., & PushkarT. (2020). FORMATION OF AN OPEN INNOVATION MODEL IN THE CONDITIONS OF DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION OF SOCIETY. Municipal Economy of Cities, 7(160), 18-25. Retrieved from https://khg.kname.edu.ua/index.php/khg/article/view/5698