ON THE QUESTION OF MANAGEMENT OF AUTOMOBILE SPARE PARTS ON TRADING ENTERPRISES
The article raises the question of optimization of auto parts stocks at trade enterprises.
The article presents an analysis of models devoted to the optimization of reserves at the enterprise, which allowed them to be divided into groups, depending on the type of tasks being solved.
It is established that there is no single approach to inventory management. Possible options for the further development of the theory of inventory management are presented.
The article notes that the classical model of determining the optimal size of the batch of supplies can not be used in modern conditions, since the costs of fulfilling the order, the price of the products, the storage costs in the period under review are constant, and this is not so. Also in the classical model it is considered that the period between orders is considered as constant during the whole period of work and seasonal fluctuations of demand for the goods are not taken into account, the lot order is executed completely and instantly, and in real conditions it is impossible, etc. It is also noted that in modern conditions, when the demand for parts is small, enterprises refuse to stock such parts so it causes additional storage costs, but in this case arises when there is demand for the part and there is no detail in the enterprise, which causes loss of potential arrived.
Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the profits that an enterprise can receive from the sale of auto parts, rather than the optimization of inventories. Therefore, the task is not to optimize the reserves at the enterprise, but to determine the size of the shipment that ensures the maximum profit in the enterprise. It is also said about the need to determine the dependence of the profit that the enterprise wants to receive from the sale of rare details, depending on the demand for this nomenclature. The same is said about the need to determine the way of delivery of nomenclatures for which a small demand is typical during the year.
The model of profit determination at the enterprise is proposed depending on the volumes of purchases. The model of profit determination at the enterprise is also presented depending on the volume of the order, taking into account the discounts for the ordered parts.
Further directions of research are presented to improve the proposed model.
Keywords: profit, orders, expenses, discounts, stocks, optimal order size, demand, auto parts.
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