THE INFLUENCE OF THE MAXIMUM ENTROPY OF THE TRANSPORT FLOW RATE ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONSCIOUS AND SUBCONSCIOUS DRIVER'S ACTIVITIES
Keywords:driver, entropy, traffic flow, emotional tension, consciousness and subconscious activity
The driver’s actions are complex elements of the orienting activity and depend on many factors: the functional state, the ergonomics and characteristics of the car, the traffic flow, the street parameters, the lighting, etc. It is known that the driver works in two modes depending on the road conditions. with and without consciousness. In areas with a monotonous road situation, the driver most of the time performs regulatory actions without the participation of consciousness, that is, automatically. The above factors at the driver form a system of conscious and subconscious activity. In the process of driving, the driver performs most of the actions unconsciously, that is, at the level of automatism. Conscious actions are more complex and require some effort of will from the driver. The problem of the conscious and subconscious activity of the driver today is little studied.
The study showed that subconscious driving is widespread among drivers. Motorists who use subconscious controls, usually experienced drivers who use a car every day to get to work or school, usually use the same driving route. In addition, the testing of drivers as a souvenir showed that when drivers were driving unconsciously, they almost did not remember these situations. All that the driver remembered, he survived not only emotionally, but consciously. Thus, the use of emotions, concentration of the field of view of the driver, emotional memory on the events that occurred while driving, can answer the question of conscious actions and subconscious operations by the driver. The driver, feeling and realizing the danger, feels the emotion, which is detected by the GSR sensor. At the same time, testing for memory of such stressful conditions showed that the driver remembers these situations very well. After the races, the driver on the microphone dictated the situations on the route that he remembered the most. Over 90 percent of dangerous situations the driver remembered very well.
To study the interaction of the driver with another vehicle in the traffic we used the maximum entropy of speed. The results of the research revealed the interrelation of the maximum entropy of speed with conscious actions and subconscious operations. As entropy increases, the number of conscious actions increases, and the number of subliminal operations decreases.
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