FEATURES OF THE PRODUCTION OF CERAMIC TILES

Keywords: tile, press powder, skimmer, frit, glaze, pressing, clay, technology

Abstract

The technology of production of glazed ceramic tiles is considered. As the main raw material, you are using clay, which should meet a number of requirements, primarily chemical composition, ceramic, water, mechanical and drying properties, and nonplastic materials-additives.

The technology of the production of clay suspension is considered in particular, a slippery method for the preparation of glyphosate masses, which includes the preparation of a clay-based suspension in a turboprop crusher, a joint grinding of clay suspension and nonplastic materials in a tubular mill of continuous action, and a cross-section of a shliker on a press -Powder in tower razor-dusting driers.

The method of powder powders was widely used in the production of ceramic tiles. For the manufacture of press powder, gly-or several different clay-based chemical materials and non-plastic materials and additives are used.

The technology of press powder extrusion is considered. Hydraulic presses are used to press the tile. The pressing mode is chosen depending on the size of the tile, its shape, properties of press powders and the technical features of the press.

The technology of manufacturing of angles and glazes, technology of applying angobs and glazes on the surface of the tile is considered. After the engraving and decoration, the tiles are dried in single-tier horizontal dryers and burned in high-speed ovens. The quality control of the finished ceramic tile takes place in accordance with the current national standards.

Author Biography

A. Afanasyev , O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

Ph.D., Associate Professor of Department

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Published
2019-01-25
How to Cite
Afanasyev A. (2019). FEATURES OF THE PRODUCTION OF CERAMIC TILES. Municipal Economy of Cities, 1(147), 112-116. Retrieved from https://khg.kname.edu.ua/index.php/khg/article/view/5360