METHODS OF SPATIAL INFORMATION MODELING IN UKRAINE
Some new actual tasks related to the domestic spatial development system require both the improvement of the territorial and strategic planning methodological basis, the development and application of appropriate software for the creation of spatial development models in order to assess development sustainability. While information models of cities such as Berlin or Helsinki offer the most profitable business location definition for investors, insolation calculations and the microclimate estimation of a building for designers, in our country the technologies of city information modeling remain almost unknown.
The research is devoted to the basic principles formulation for the creation of information models of settlements, territorial and regional systems of Ukraine, and to determine the further application directions of these models.
The article defines the main subsystems of the territorial systems models. After that their main characteristics was established taking into account the domestic land, construction, urban development, etc. legislation in the spatial development area. The differences and application directions of city, regional and regional information models are determined. Such territorial information models can be applied as a basement:
- for official cadastral database collection and storage; for providing a uniform virtual interaction space for different target users and application areas;
- for development and testing of new distributive technologies and business models of urban development;
- as decision support system in urban planning and design, and others.
Presenting such attributes as economic, social and environmental characteristics of urban objects in the considered information territorial model allows us to use the model as a valuable basis for assessing the development sustainability of the respective territorial systems.
As the further research direction can be chosen both the information model creation of one of domestic cities based on the proposed method, taking into account the requirements of domestic legislation, and formulation of the spatial development sustainability assessment method based on the proposed information territorial model.
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