METHODS OF ACCESSIBILITY TO APARTMENTS DURING DESIGHNING NEW RESIDENTIAL BULDINGS
Keywords:equal opportunities, inclusivity, people for disabilities, low-mobility groups, universal design principles, accessibility of entrances in a building.
The article shows the analysis of domestic and foreign sources conducted at the Department of Urban Construction O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv on ensuring accessibility of people with disabilities and low-mobility groups to the entrances in a building and the elevator hall, as well as design developments in accordance with national standards. Several variants of design solutions are offered for new construction. The presented options show the possibility of a flat entry device to the first floor and to the elevator hall in the new building.
Such solutions are often used in cases where the basement floor is used for non-residential premises of various purposes for carts, bicycles, shared condominiums, workshops, etc. In this case there is no need for passage under the staircase, there is no basement march, the ground floor is located in ground level, it is only necessary to provide space for maneuvering at the entrance to the elevator, the standard dimensions of the elevator cabins, tactile and text marks in accordance with the regulatory requirements. To determine the direction of movement to the front door, some orientation tools are used. At the same time, the direction of movement does not necessarily have to be indicated by tactile tapes. This role is played by any edges of horizontal surfaces; such as curbs that enclose flower beds near the porch.
According to the new DBN, in the construction of residential and public buildings, it is necessary to apply the principles of universal design, providing all the entrances and exits of the building, including evacuation, into the ground level without the device of the porch.
The application methods of accessibility to the entrances and the elevator hall will not increase, but also reduce the cost of housing construction, primarily due to the absence of porches with stairs, ramps, elevators, etc.
DBN V.2.2-40:2018 «Budynky i sporudy. Inkliuzyvnist budivel i sporud. Osnovni polozhennia» (2018) Vydannia ofitsiine. Chynnyi vid 01.04.19 – Kyiv.: Minrehion, 64.
Azin, V. O., Hrybalskyi, Ya. V., Baida, L. Yu., Krasiukova-Enns, O. V. (2013) Dostupnist ta universalnyi dyzain: navchalno-metodychnyi posibnyk, 128.
Pryntsypy universalnoho dyzainu (n.d.). Retrieved from: http://ud.org.ua/publikatsiji/11-printsipi-universalnogo-dizajnu
Konventsiia pro prava osib z invalidnistiu (n.d.). Retrieved from: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/417-19
Normali osnovnykh planirovochnykh elementov zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy (n.d.). Retrieved from: http://snipov.net/database/c_4293866557.html
Pro zatverdzhennia Natsionalnoi stratehii u sferi prav liudyny (2015) Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy №501 vid 25.08.2015. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/501/2015/stru
Adaptatsiia miskoho seredovyshcha do potreb liudei z invalidnistiu – osnovna meta tsilovoi prohramy «Kyiv bez bar’ieriv» (n.d.). Retrieved from: https://kmr.gov.ua/uk/content/adaptaciya-miskogo-seredovyshcha-do-potreb-lyudey-z-invalidnistyu-osnovna-meta-cilovoyi
Departament pratsi ta sotsialnoi polityky. Prohrama spryiannia bezpechnii zhyttiediialnosti u sferi sotsialnoho zakhystu naselennia m. Kharkova na 2017-2020 roky (n.d.). Retrieved from: https://www.city.kharkov.ua/uk/gorodskaya-vlast/ispolnitelnyie-organyi/departamentyi/departament-truda-i-soczialnoj-politiki.html
Z 1 kvitnia vstupaiut v diiu novi budivelni normy shchodo inkliuzyvnosti budivel, – Lev Partskhaladze. (n.d.). Retrieved from: https://www.kmu.gov.ua/ua/news/z-1-kvitnya-vstupayut-v-diyu-novi-budivelni-normi-shchodo-inklyuzivnosti-budivel-lev-parchaladze
DBN B.2.2-12:2019 Planuvannia i zabudova terytorii (2019) Vydannia ofitsiine. Chynnyi vid 01.10.19 – Kyiv.: Minrehion, 177.
DBN V.2.2-15-2019 Zhytlovi budynky. Osnovni polozhennia (2019) Vydannia ofitsiine. Chynnyi vid 01.10.19 – Kyiv.: Minrehion, 44.
How to Cite
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).