CLUSTER ANALYSIS OF THE UKRAINE REGIONS ON THE LEVEL OF WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT
The cluster analysis of the regions of Ukraine by economic, environmental and social indicators characterizing regional economic development and development of the waste management system is carried out in the paper. Three groups of regions characterized by similar features are identified. The average values of the studied indicators by separate clusters are determined. It was established, for example, that the regions from the first cluster are characterized by a low level of the waste management system development, in the regions from the second group modern technologies of waste management is more actively introducing in comparison with other regions. Discriminant analysis was conducted. The results of the analysis show that regions are differentiated mostly by five indicators: average tariff for waste management for the population, financing of waste management system, area of landfills and damps, amount of waste collection per capita, the rate of waste recycling sector development. The developed model determines the distribution of regions into groups with an accuracy of 100% at the significance level p <0.005. Classification discriminatory functions were obtained for groups of regions. The indicators influenced the distribution of regions into clusters are established. The results of the analysis highlight the irregularity of regional waste management systems development. The cluster approach allows classifying regions of Ukraine according to complex of indicators. Differentiated strategies for improving the waste management system at regional level as well as comprehensive ratings of the regional waste management systems development could be developed on the basis of such analysis.
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