DETERMINATION OF THE DELAY TIME OF THE BUS DEPARTURE FROM THE STOP POINT LOCATED NEAR A REGULATED CROSSROADS
The article is devoted to solving scientific and applied problems of determining the rational location of stopping points at the entrance or exit from controlled intersections. Analysis of approaches and methods to the determination of rational location of stopping points showed that they are mostly based on the goals of minimizing the time for passenger transportation or maximizing the performance of transport systems functioning. With that, the question of determining the time of delay of vehicle departure from the stopping point bottleneck after the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers is paid very little attention to. Currently, there are only regression models available that cannot claim to be universal and their use in transport planning requires similar conditions of functioning with the object, where statistic data were collected.
The conducted analysis allowed determining the trend of basic research, namely, assessment of the influence of traffic flow parameters on the delay time of route transport departure from the stopping point bottleneck in the area adjacent to the controlled intersection. The process of delay occurrence at the exit of route transport from the stopping point bottleneck was formalized as the object of study thanks to which there was built an analytical model to determine the time of delay of route transport departure from the stopping point bottleneck.
There were investigated two options for placement of a stopping point at the entrance and exit from the intersection. According to the results of calculations, it was determined that the delay time of route transport departure from the stopping point was influenced by many factors, whose influence varies depending on the location of the stopping point at the entrance and exit from a controlled intersection.
By the results of researches one can be affirm that the most expedient is the placement of a stopping point at the minimum acceptable distance from the intersection, and it is recommended to locate a stopping point at a distance of 30 m at the entrance to the intersection.
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