REGARDING THE USE OF MODERN TECHNICAL MEANS OF PROTECTION AGAINST FLOOD OF TERRITORIES AND FACILITIES FOR DIFFERENT PURPOSES
The danger to society caused by the consequences of natural disasters tends to increase despite the general technical progress and the application of measures to prevent them and combat them. Every year the number of victims, in particular, from floods increases by an average of 6%. Flooding in certain areas can occur due to floods and inundations. Floods are natural processes that occur in the biosphere and affect the planet for millennia. Flood is a significant flooding of the area due to rising water levels in rivers, lakes, reservoirs, caused by downpours, spring snowmelt, wind surges, destruction of dams, dams and more. Floods cause great material damage and casualties.
The water level in reservoirs depends on many different factors. All over the world, experts conduct long-term observations, tracking all seasonal changes, and collect data for forecasting. Floods and their causes are well studied. The main causes of these disasters are:
- prolonged rains;
- melting snow;
- raising the bottom;
- strong winds and storms;
Thus, the issue of using modern technical means of protection against flooding of territories and objects of various purposes is relevant.
A number of publications consider current trends in effective flood risk management planning in the European Union and describe the catastrophic consequences of floods and ways to combat them, and so on. At the same time, these studies do not contain data on testing and implementation in Ukraine of modern technical means to combat floods in the EU.
To address these issues, the Institute of Public Administration and Research on Civil Defense commissioned by the State Service of Ukraine for Emergencies has developed a method of testing water-absorbing devices designed for:
- flood protection;
- changes in the direction of water flow during floods, torrential rains, melting snow, etc.
- removal of water from flooded areas (basements, garages, etc.);
- elimination of environmental accidents (spills of oil, diesel fuel and other chemicals).
Developed by the Institute of Public Administration and Research on Civil Protection, the method of testing water-absorbing means will allow in the future to test and assess the suitability of such technical means for use by fire and rescue units when performing tasks to remove water from flooded areas and create barriers to water. time of protection against floods, changes in the direction of water flow during floods, torrential rains, melting snow, etc.
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