ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN OF THE MODERN CITY
Keywords:architectural design, urban environment, information, communication, approach.
The article is devoted to the strategy of development of the modern urban environment through the approaches of architectural design. It includes an analysis of the existing urban environment, identification of common problems in terms of information expediency, versatility and practicality, in order to form the right vector of action in overcoming the spatial and architectural shortcomings. The results of numerous studies indicate that in terms of thematic focus, the topic needs regular and systematic analysis to identify current population requirements for urban areas, in terms of appropriate organization and design of the architectural environment.
The aim of this article is to consider architectural design as the next step in the development of architecture as art, in an urban environment with regular information and communication changes.
The modern urban environment provides a wide range of conditions for creative activity, which forms new directions in science, art, culture, etc. Architectural design is just that new in art, which allows not only to use traditional means of architecture and design, but also to use such new ones as interactive architecture, interactive design, solving functional and aesthetic problems. In the design, based on the principles of environmental approach, changes the attitude to the objects of design and architecture, so - "their creation is no longer the end result of design, because they are considered not as authentic forms, but as means of providing optimal living conditions".
The role of architectural design in the modern city and its practical application in a complex urban space is given. It is outlined that in addition to professional knowledge of designing an "architectural object" you need a set of knowledge of designing "architecture of the environment", which will help to consider the city as a spatial form and process, as a holistic formation and as pulsating changing matter, as physical space and mental organism. The conclusions of the article show that the types and forms of traditional organization of dynamically modified subject-spatial complexes, all changing realities of life require a more active and, most importantly, timely response of specialists in "environmental architecture" to human and societal demands. And such a reaction can be architectural design, which is based on a long-term method of working with space, which allows to formulate the general patterns of the model of artistic development and perception of subject-spatial environment – as a whole ecologically appropriate area. Architectural design is focused on the complex design of both large environmental systems and various architectural objects from the standpoint of the widest possible coverage of human interactions with nature, with the subject-spatial and socio-cultural environment. The issue of harmonization of the environment, which has not only a formal integrity, but also able to emotionally express the meaning and nature of lifestyle, is key in architectural design.
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