SPECIFICS OF WASTEWATER PARAMETERS CALCULATION, WHICH SHOULD BE DETERMINED WHEN DRAWING UP RULES FOR RECEIVING WASTEWATER INTO THE CITY SEWERAGE SYSTEM
Keywords:permissible concentration, pollutant, natural environment, computer program, sludge, ecology, expertise, wastewater, water resources.
The article analyzed the problems of environmental monitoring and the level of automation for predicting the state of the environment and the level of use of computer information and analytical systems for environmental expertise.
It is established that in order to improve the environmental safety management system and automate the processes of assessing the impact of economic activity on the environment, it is necessary to create software packages aimed at solving various environmental problems, namely receiving wastewater from enterprises to the urban sewerage systems.
It is known that the relationship between consumers and water utilities is governed by the Rules of sewage. According to these Rules, the permissible concentrations of pollutants contained in the wastewater of enterprises are determined. But such calculations are characterized by a large number of parameters and a large amount of input data.
The authors of the article developed a software package for calculations and rationing of wastewater quality indicators of enterprises that discharge their wastewater into the sewerage network of cities and may disrupt the operation of treatment facilities. In general, the developed software package will reduce the time and perform calculations to determine the permissible concentrations of pollutants in the wastewater of enterprises (consumers), and at the same time analyze large data sets. Automation of the main components of environmental procedures will increase the efficiency and reliability of urban sewerage systems and more effectively assess the impact on the environment. Also, the created software complex will determine the concentration of heavy metals in the sewage sludge and ensure its use as a fertilizer containing more phosphorus and calcium.
It should be noted that the created software package allows you to perform such calculations that are difficult to perform in Excel. You can export data from any source - WEB, Excel, OpenOffice. Data and calculation algorithms are separated, which minimizes error. The software package was created using Node.js technology.
On approval of standards of maximum permissible emissions of pollutants from stationary sources. (2006). Order of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Ukraine from June 27, 2006 No 309. Official Gazette of Ukraine, 31, 236. [in Ukrainian]
Vergun, O.M. (2012). Analysis of current factors of deterioration of drinking water supply in the context of national security of Ukraine. Analytical note. National Institute for Strategic Studies. URL: http://www.niss.gov.ua/articles/1037/
Epoian, S.M., Gopchak, I.V., Sorokina, K.B., Airapetian, T.S., Zhuk, V.M. (2021). Determination of water capacity of industries of Ukraine. Scientific Bulletin of Construction, 105(3), 214–219. [in Ukrainian]
Oleynik, A., Airapetian, T. (2019). Practical recommendations to oxygen calculationmodes for biological strain water treatmentin aerothenes with closed and referring bioecenosis. Municipal economy of cities, 1(147), 175–180. [in Ukrainian]
Ishchenko, O.A. (2016). Complex ecological and economic examination of the organization and implementation of state regulation and design. Economy and State, 11, 10–14. [in Ukrainian]
Developments of the department Igor Sikorsky KPI. URL: http://kxtp.kpi.ua/index.php/uk/science/software
System of support for decision-making by managers of water management organizations for the Dniester river basin using geoinformation technologies. URL: http://vbmokin.vk.vntu.edu.ua/file/Book/bf4b16776c3a8fa0e9f3a263f0a4200c.pdf
Osadchy, V.I. (2008). Methodological bases of research of factors and processes of formation of chemical composition of surface waters of Ukraine. Author's ref. dis. Dr. geogr. Science, T. Shevchenko National University.
Talerko, N.N., Garger, E.K., Kuzmenko, A.G. (2010). Software for assessing and forecasting the radiation situation in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Nuclear and radiation safety, 3, 45–49.
List of software products in the field of air protection. URL: http://www.menr.gov.ua/protection/protection3/regulation/255-perelik-prohramnykh-produktiv-v-haluzi-okhorony-atmosfernohopovitria
Isakov, V., Arunachalam, S., Batterman, S., Bereznicki, S., Burke, J., Dionisio, K., Vette, A. (2014). Air quality modeling in support of near-road exposures and effects of urban air pollutants study (NEXUS). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 11, 8777–8793. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110908777
Gao, S., Yang, W., Zhang, H., Sun, Y., Mao, J., Ma, Z., ..., Bai, Z. (2018). Estimating representative background PM2.5 concentration in heavily polluted areas using baseline separation technique and chemical mass balance model. Atmospheric Environment, 174, 180–187. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.11.045
Gómez-Losada, A., Pires, J.C.M., Pino-Mejías, R. (2016). Characterization of background air pollution exposure in urban environments using a metric base don Hidden Markov Models. Atmospheric Environment, 127, 255–261. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.12.046
Marek, P. Tucek, and V., Pászto. (2015). Using geovisual analytics in Google Earth to understand disease distribution: A case study of campylobacteriosis in the Czech Republic. International Journal of Health Geographics, 14(7), 1–13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-072X-14-7
Zatserklyanny, M.M., Zatserklyanny, O.M. (2017). Processes of environmental protection. Textbook. Odessa national acad. food. technologies. Odesa, Phoenix. [in Ukrainian]
Epoian, S.M., Fesik, L.O., Sorokina, N.V. (2018). Sewage sludge treatment. Textbook. Odesa, ODABA. [in Ukrainian]
How to Cite
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).