METHODOLOGY OF REDUCING THE LEVEL OF OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER ENGINEERING OF UKRAINE
Keywords:electric power companies, electrical installations, negative production factors, electric current, electrical personnel, occupational injuries, electrical safety.
Statistics from the International Labor Organization show that at this time the level of both occupational and domestic injuries is equivalent to an epidemic. At the same time, studies by the World Health Organization show that today the death rate from accidents ranks third after deaths from cardiovascular disease and cancer. It is important to note that this situation is typical of both developing and economically developed countries. It is obvious that such a situation leads to both significant social losses and significant economic losses. In our country the level of industrial injuries and electric injuries at electric power enterprises is especially high. At the same time, in recent years the level of occupational injuries in the electricity sector of Ukraine has increased and is characterized by an increase in the number of fatal injuries. Based on this, the development of a methodology to reduce the level of this indicator of production activity of enterprises is an urgent task. The main causes of mortality of men of working age in Ukraine are: - industrial accidents; - industrial poisoning; - industrial injuries. Such cases account for about 30… 35% of all deaths under the age of 40. The study revealed the features of the work performed at the enterprises of the industry, which differ in the organization of the workplace and a significant number of high-risk work. Further analysis of reports on labor protection, acts of investigation of accidents at enterprises revealed a number of frequent specific cases of violation of important provisions of legislation, regulations on labor protection, labor protection and electrical safety. The results of researches of the reasons of injuries in industrial conditions in the field of electric power are systematized. This made it possible to identify the main directions for improving the state of labor protection. Structural and systematic implementation of the identified areas is the basis of the developed methodology for improving the state of occupational injuries at electric power companies of Ukraine.
Report of the International Labour Organization on the World Day of Occupational Safety and health. (2021). URL: https://kh.dsp.gov.ua/news/deviz-dnia-okhorony-pratsi-2021-peredbachaty-hotuvatysia-ta-reahuvaty-na-kryzy-investuimo-zaraz-u-stiiki-systemy-bzr/ [in Ukrainian]
Serikov, Ya.O., Kozhenevsky, L.F. (2011). Life safety – securitology. Problems. Task. Ways to solve. Monograph. In 2 volumes. Kharkiv: KNAMG. [in Ukrainian]
Korzeniowski, L.F., Serikov, Y.A. (2012). European dimension of securitology. Monograph. Kraków, EAS. [in Polish]
Serikov, Ya.O. (2013). Analysis of the state of professional morbidity in Ukraine. Mater. of the V Mezhdunar. Nauk.-prakt. conf. «Human life safety as a condition for sustainable development of modern society». Kiev, MABZHD, 95–100. [in Ukrainian]
Serikov, Ya.O., Talanin, D.S. (2013). Аnalysis of the state of professional morbidity in Ukraine working with machines and mechanisms. Mater. of the V Mezhdunar. scientific and practical. conf. «Human life safety as a condition for sustainable development of modern society». Kiev, MABZHD, 95–100. [in Ukrainian]
Serikov, Ya.O. (2015). Industrial safety and social protection of employees of industrial enterprises, companies and corporations (organization of installation, repair and operation of production facilities). Kharkiv, KNUMG & corporation SHELL. [in Ukrainian]
Serikov, Ya.O., Nikitchenko, A.Yu., Serikova, K.S. (2021). State and problems of industrial and household electrotraumatism in Ukraine. Municipal economy of cities, 4(164), 234–239. [in Ukrainian]
Serikov, Ya.O. (2014). Directions of solving the problem of ensuring industrial safety at potentially dangerous facilities and production facilities. Mater. of the XIII International scientific-method. conf. «Human life safety – education, science, practice». Kiev, 246–250. [in Ukrainian]
Interstate standard GOST 12.0.003-74* Hazardous and harmful production factors. Classification. URL: https://budinfo.org.ua/doc/1810987/DST-12-0-003-74-SSBT-Nebezpechni-i-shkidlivi-virobnichi-faktori-Klasifikatsiia [in Ukrainian]
Serikov, Ya.A. (2016). Psychological aspects of ensuring the industrial safety of personnel of industrial enterprises. Mater. of the VI International. scientific-theoretical Internet conference «City. Culture. Civilization». Kharkiv, KhNUGH, 257–260. [in Ukrainian]
Serikov, Ya.A. (2012). Information computer technologies as a tool for improving occupational safety and health in the electric power industry. Mater. of the IV International. Scientific and practical conference «New technologies in electrical engineering». Kharkiv, KHNAMG, 182–186. [in Russian]
Serikov, Ya.O., Makarenko, O.V. (2018). Theoretical foundations of using a risk-oriented approach in solving problems of labor protection. Mater. X International. scientific-method. conf. «Human security in modern conditions». Kharkiv, NTU «KHPI», 157–159. [in Ukrainian]
How to Cite
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).