• І. Hunko Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University




digital elevation model, construction methods, spatial interpolation, geographic information system, Surfer


Digital terrain model (DTM) is an integral part of many geodetic works. It allows accurately reproducing the earth's surface in a digital form with varying levels of detail. One of the most significant problems in creating a DTM is the accuracy of reflecting the relief.

In the first part of the work, an analysis of methods that can more detailed reflect the relief was already conducted. For these purposes, the Surfer geoinformation package was selected, which offers a considerable number of methods based on the spatial interpolation algorithm. Although these methods have represented the same area with high detail, there is still a need to assess the accuracy of each method.

The purpose of this article is to assess the accuracy of methods for constructing a digital terrain model based on spatial interpolation. Since model accuracy is a crucial factor for many geodetic works, it is necessary to determine which methods are the most accurate and meet the requirements of different purposes of use. The accuracy assessment of methods will improve the efficiency of geodetic works and avoid errors and additional costs.

In the Surfer program, after constructing the DTM with each method, a report can be obtained containing the input values of points and the values obtained after interpolation with each method. This report is very useful for assessing the accuracy of each method since it allows understanding how well the model reflects the real relief. To assess the accuracy of each method, control points of the spatial variable Z were taken, and the values in these points were interpolated for each method. This assessment makes it possible to obtain a numerical characteristic of accuracy for each method and compare them with each other.

Based on the analysis conducted, it can be concluded that problematic areas were identified on a fragment of a topographic map, where there were insufficient input data for accurate interpolation. The result is not accurate and could be better with input data obtained from geodetic instruments and technologies such as GPS, lidar, etc.

The "Natural Neighbor" method performed the best in reproducing the digital elevation model on this hilly terrain. The application of the "Kriging," "Triangulation with Linear Interpolation," "Modified Shepard's Method," and "Radial Basic Function" methods provided fairly accurate interpolation. However, the "Minimum Curvature" method was found to be ineffective in hilly terrain as it did not provide accurate interpolation.

After conducting an accuracy assessment, it can be concluded that high-quality input data is an extremely important element in achieving more accurate results when creating a digital elevation model.

Author Biography

І. Hunko, Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University

assistant at the Department of Road design, geodesy and land management


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How to Cite

Hunko І. (2023). EVALUATION OF ACCURACY OF DIGITAL TERRAIN MODELING METHODS BASED ON SPATIAL INTERPOLATION (Part 2). Municipal Economy of Cities, 3(177), 80–84. https://doi.org/10.33042/2522-1809-2023-3-177-80-84