ANALYSIS OF CONDITIONS FOR THE CREATION OF THE LOCAL THERMAL ENERGY MARKET IN UKRAINE
In this paper the preconditions for the creation of a market for thermal energy in Ukraine are considered. The urgency of the use of renewable energy sources in the thermal energy market is considered. The disadvantages of functioning of the existing sphere of heat supply are described. The features of heat supply systems in Ukrainian cities are described. The features of thermal energy as a commodity are determined. The main subjects of relations in the field of heat supply are determined. The basic forms of competition in the thermal energy market are determined. Classification of heat supply systems depending on the level of localization in accordance with the current legislation. The basic structural schemes of relations between the subjects of the market depending on the level of localization of the system of heat supply are determined. The features of interaction of thermal energy market participants within the system of heat supply, depending on its type, are described. Presented models of a single buyer, direct provision of services with their own networks and direct provision of transit services through the networks of a third party are possible for use in the thermal energy market. The priority model for the creation of the thermal energy market is analyzed and determined. The basic problems of the technical, economic and legal nature of the heat supply sector that are to be resolved for the effective implementation of the thermal energy market in Ukraine are identified. Extended definition of "thermalenergy market" is given.
Keywords: thermal energy market, heat supply systems, district heating, market model
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