LEGISLATION OF CHANGE OF SPEED MOBILE ON THE ROUTES OF THE CITY PASSENGER TRANSPORT OF KHARKIV
The object of the study is the urban passenger route. The purpose of the study is to identify the laws of changing the average speed of the route from various technical and operational indicators. In the article preliminary researches and conclusions of work concerning the given problem are considered. The next step was the description of the route, rolling stock used. Also on the example of the intersection is determined the level of traffic load on the route, which also affects the average speed of the route. As a basis of the study, a correlation-regression analysis is used as a method for studying the change in the speed of traffic on urban passenger transport routes, depending on the length of the races and the intensity of traffic at intersections. Initial data was the length of racing on the route, time, distance traveled and the number of cars crossing the intersection per hour. The mathematical models describing the laws of speed change are developed and presented. In the case of the increase in the length of the haul, a rapid increase in the speed of the bus is observed, with regard to the growth of the intensity of movement, an inverse relationship is observed - the speed of the bus decreases sharply. The obtained mathematical models can be used to adjust the schedule of bus traffic in season and in time-peak, organization and planning of city passenger transport in the city of Kharkiv. To improve the efficiency of the city bus routes, it is necessary to review the timetable for seasonal traffic, separate the lanes for the route taxi, control the interval of movement, issue to the line, the work of dispatchers, apply low floor in the passenger compartment and wide doors and install electronic payment systems, which significantly reduce idle time at stopping points and reduce road accidents.
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