ANALYSIS OF ATMOSPHERIC AIR POLLUTION OF CITY TERRITORIES
One of the most important environmental problems of the cities is pollution of atmospheric air, which is due to increased emissions of harmful substances from stationary and mobile sources of pollution, therefore research of this problem is important and there is a need to improve the system of air pollution control in cities . The study of emissions of harmful components by industrial facilities and automobile transport is relevant, and the development of measures to improve the environmental situation by reducing the harmful effects of atmospheric air pollution for each city requires a comprehensive approach. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the necessity of constant observations of the ecological state of the city's districts. Due to the fact that in recent years, a significant number of industrial facilities does not work at full capacity, the main source of air pollution is the automobile transport.
Kharkiv Regional Center for Hydrometeorology conducts monitoring of atmospheric air pollution in the city of Kharkiv. Observations are carried out at 10 stationary monitoring points, equipped with comprehensive laboratories, daily and around the clock. According to the results of the laboratory control of atmospheric air on the streets of the city of Kharkiv, the proportion of samples exceeding the standards of pollutants is 8,7%. Exceeding as much as one-time maximum limit of allowable concentration - dust, nitrogen dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, phenol, soot, formaldehyde. Other indications are within the normal range.
In order to ensure the collection, processing, storage and analysis of information on the state of the environment in the Kharkiv region, including atmospheric air, and forecasting further changes, work is ongoing until the creation of an automated system of environmental monitoring in the city of Kharkiv and the region. This is an important step towards improving the control over the environmental state of the air in the Kharkiv Region.
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