FORMATION PRACTICE OF TRAFFIC-CALMING ZONES IN CITIES

Authors

  • N. Arsenieva Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University
  • G. Fomenko Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33042/2522-1809-2022-3-170-168-173

Keywords:

vehicles, traffic safety, traffic calming, accidents, pedestrians, cyclists.

Abstract

The increasing intensity of the flow of traffic flows to lead to problems due to the increased number of road transport facilities. How to certify the tribute to the Light Bank Ukraine spends up to 5 bln. dollars through road transport facilities. In 2020, the strategy was praised as a method of bringing national indicators of safe road traffic to the mid-European level of a significant increase in street and road barriers and road infrastructure. The new Strategy emphasizes the importance of designing streets and roads for the sake of safety and not security. It is important to develop more accessible systems and attachments for cars to help reduce accident rates, both for drivers and passengers and for others. It is also necessary to ensure safe traffic on the streets and roads with projects and control of security. Peace of mind can be reached for the change of street fences and technical entrances. The fragmentation of the standard in Ukraine is important to the fact that a complex approach was laid in the new before the creation of a system of careless minds rush along the streets of the city. They are being used to calm the traffic, as they are being installed not only for changing the speed, but as the main rank of the evenness of traffic flows. Particular respect is given to businessmen de car traffic conflicts with pedestrians and cyclists. So respect for the next respect for those who, when designing zones of calm, comfortable street and design of their space, may have important meanings that are looked at, as if you enter the mode of traffic of transport entrances. Calming zones further enhance the differentiation of road network elements according to the functions they perform. As shown by the analysis of foreign literature, the peace of mind can be classified and presented in 13 broad categories. The category of combined buildings and buildings is dependent on the characteristics of the traffic of transport facilities and the features of the design of the street and road barriers. Successful victorious entry in a calm environment led to the development of the victorious program in rich places of the country world. The establishment of principles of calming the traffic is to allow improving the geometrical parameters of the streets, changing the speed of the traffic and maximizing the benefits for pedestrians, cyclists and public transport.

Author Biographies

N. Arsenieva, Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University

PhD, Associate Professor of the Department

G. Fomenko, Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University

PhD, Associate Professor of the Department

References

Voznyuk, A.B., Nagrebelna, L.P., Minenko, E.V. (2019). Deficiencies in road conditions and their impact on road accidents. Roads and bridges, 19–20, 163–172. [in Ukrainian]

Report "Confrontation of" death on wheels": ensuring road safety in Europe and Central Asia". (2009). URL: https://web.worldbank.org/archive/website01313/WEB/IMAGES/DEATHONW.PDF [in Ukrainian]

VISION ZERO. URL: http://visioveronetwork.org/about/what-is-vision-zero/

Guegan, Dawn P., Martin, Peter T., and Cottrell, Wayne D. (2000). Prioritizing traffic-calming projects using the analytic hierarchy process. Transportation Research Record, 1708.1, 61 –67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3141%2F1708-07

PIARC: The urban road network design. Reference: 10.04.B, Routes/ Roads, 1991.

PIARC: Urban road design and architecture. Reference: 10.08.B, Routes/Roads, special issue II-1995.

Mohammad, Mirshahi, Jon, Obenberger, Charles A., Fuhs and oth. (2007). Active Traffic Management: The Next Step in Congestion Management. FHWA-PL-07-012, July 2007.

DSTU 4123:2020. (2020). Road safety. Means of calming the movement. General technical requirements. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

Kutsina, I.A. (2018). Methods of transport and pedestrian traffic in historically formed cities. Modern problems of architecture and urban planning, 50, 201–208. [in Ukrainian]

Voznyuk, A.B. (2020). A systematic approach to traffic calming. Weighing-in-motion: results of a pilot project and development prospects. Modern innovative solutions for the implementation of the national program "GREAT CONSTRUCTION": international scientific practice conference, November 10–11. Kyiv. URL: https://bit.ly/3kvK0EJ [in Ukrainian]

Aburahma, A., Ramiz, Al Assa. (1998). Traffic Calming in the U.S.A: A CRITICAL STATE OF THE ART REVIEW. Washington, DC, Institute of Transportation Engineers, 1998.

Thaweesak, Taekratok. (1998). MODERN ROUNDABOUTS FOR OREGON. For Oregon Department of Transportation Research Unit 200 Hawthorne SE, Suite B-240 Salem.

Antoine, D. (2005). The Safety of Roundabouts and Traffic Lights in Belgium Transportation Research Circular.

Kennedy, Joycee, J., Peirce, and I., Summersgill. (2005). Review of accident research at roundabouts. Transportation research circular, E-C083.

Brilon, W. (2005). Roundabouts: A State of the Art in Germany. Paper presented at the National Roundabout Conference, Vail, Colorado, May 22– 25, 2005.

Jacquemart, G. (1998). Modern Roundabout Practice in the United States. Synthesis of Highway Practice 264. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Guichet, B. (2005). Evolution of Roundabouts in France and new uses. National Roundabout Conference, Vail Colorado, United States.

Flannery, A. (2001). Geometric Design and Safety Aspects of Roundabouts. Transportation Research Record, 1751(1), 76 –81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3141%2F1751-09

Robinson, B., Rodegerdts, L. and oth. (2000). Roundabouts an informational guide. FHWA-RD-00-067, Project 2425, Informational Guide Book.

Published

2022-06-24

How to Cite

Arsenieva Н., & Fomenko Г. (2022). FORMATION PRACTICE OF TRAFFIC-CALMING ZONES IN CITIES. Municipal Economy of Cities, 3(170), 168–173. https://doi.org/10.33042/2522-1809-2022-3-170-168-173