CREATION AND EXPERIMENTAL TESTING UNIVERSAL SYSTEM OF ENVIRONMENTAL DIAGNOSTICS HEAT ENGINES AND BOILER INSTALLATIONS
A description is given of an experimental sample of a universal system for the environmental diagnosis of heat engines and boiler installations, which was developed at the Department of Environmental Engineering of the O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv. The properties of this system are: multi-functionality, compactness, mobility, ease of operation, a high degree of automation, informative results, ability to solve both research and training tasks. The structure, composition and functionality of the main modules of this system are considered: 1) measuring, which contains microtunnels МКТ-2, instruments and equipment for direct determination of indicators of chemical and physical pollution of the environment; 2) testing and demonstration, which consists of: installations for research of aerodynamic processes in exhaust systems of engines and boiler chimneys, laboratory transformer rack for mounting various test benches, a multimedia complex equipped with a tablet PC and an SMART information panel with a diameter of 43 " to demonstrate the operation of devices, equipment, programs, research results, etc.; 3) laboratory, which contains laboratory devices, equipment and consumables for the analysis of samples taken during environmental studies of natural objects. Normalized methods and techniques that allow to determine indicators characterizing chemical and physical pollution of the environment by heat engines and boiler installations are defined and systematized. Experimental testing of the created measuring system on full-scale objects: a gasoline engine of a passenger car - VAZ-21081 and automotive diesel engines - 4ЧН12 / 14, boilers with gas - DKVR-20/13 AOGV-100E and solid-fuel - КЧМ-2М-4 boilers. Tests confirmed the practical suitability of the measuring system.
Foote, E., Maricq, M., Sherman, M., Carpenter, D. (2013). Evaluation of Partial Flow Dilution Methodology for Light Duty Particulate Mass Measurement. SAE Technical Paper, 2013-01-1567, 10. [in English].
Redzuk, A., Klimenko, O., Kudrenko, O. (2012). Concerning the determination of mass emissions of pollutants by the engines of wheeled vehicles. [Shhodo vy`znachennya masovy`x vy`ky`div zabrudnyuyuchy`x rechovy`n dvy`gunamy` kolisny`x transportny`x zasobiv]. Avtoshlyahovyk Ukraine, 4(228), 2-7. [in Ukrainian].
Klimenko, O., Redzuk, A., Kudrenko, O., Rychok, S. (2012). Research and creation of a perspective system for the determination of mass emissions of pollutants in exhaust gases of engines. [Doslidzhennya ta stvorennya perspekty`vnoyi sy`stemy` dlya vy`znachennya masovy`x vy`ky`div zabrudnyuyuchy`x rechovy`n u vidpracz`ovany`x gazax dvy`guniv]. Avtoshlyahovyk Ukraine, 5(229), 2-8. [in Ukrainian].
Lianga, Z., Tiana, J., Zeraati Rezaeia, S., Zhanga, Y. (2015). Investigation of SVOC nanoparticle emission from light duty diesel engine using GC×GC-ToF-MS, School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, UK, 31. [in English].
Littera, D., Cozzolini, A., Besch, M., Velardi, M. (2013). Comparison of Particulate Matter Emissions from Different Aftertreatment Technologies in a Wind Tunnel. SAE Technical Paper, 2013-24-0175, 17. [in English].
Bielaczyc, P., Woodburn, J. (2016). Exhaust Emissions of Gaseous and Solid Pollutants Measured over the NEDC, FTP-75 and WLTC Chassis Dynamometer Driving Cycles. SAE Technical Paper, 2016-01-1008, 13. [in English].
Varlamov, G., Prymak, K., Shvarzova, H. (2013). General approaches to the creation of meteodological bases of energy-ecological analysis of the operation of fuel and energy complex facilities. [Zagal`ni pidxody` do stvorennya me-todologichny`x osnov energo-ekologichnogo analizu ekspluataciyi ob'yektiv PEK]. Energy saving. Power engineering. Energy audit, 10(116), 2-9. [in Ukrainian].
SSN 3.3.6.037-99. (1999). Sanitary norms of production noise, ultrasound and infrasound. [Sanitarni normy` vy`robny`chogo shumu, ul`trazvuku ta infrazvuku]. standards publisher, 34. [in Ukrainian].
ISD 86. (1987). Method of calculating concentrations in the air of harmful substances contained in emissions of enterprises [Metodika rascheta kontsentratsiy v atmosfernom vozduhe vrednyih veschestv, soderzhaschihsya v vyibrosah predpriyati]. Hydrometeoizdat, 93. [in Russian].
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).