ANALYSIS OF TECHNOGENIC DANGER OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGIES
The article establishes the relevance of the issue concerning emergency situation warning as a result of fires, explosions in structures, communication or technological equipment of solid waste landfill. In Ukraine and the world numerous incidents of dangerous events, emergencies situations due to fires, landslides of waste mass at the landfills are known. The methods of disposal and treatment of solid waste are divided into liquidational and utilizational. By technological principle, they are divided into biological, thermal, chemical, mechanical, mixed. Waste management is not only one of the most acute economic and natural problems of society, but also an urgent problem of technogenic danger and fire hazard.
The purpose of the study is to analyze the technogenic danger of modern solid waste management technologies in the interest of forming the initial and boundary conditions of a mathematical model of prevention emergency situation due to fires, explosions in structures, communication or technological equipment of potentially hazardous objects by example of landfills.
It is appropriate to divide and consider the countries of the world concerning the use of solid waste management technologies in the light of their economic development. Solid waste management technologies are constantly evolving and improving. The most widespread are methods of landfilling, incineration, composting. The analysis of the technogenic hazard of solid waste management technologies in the leading countries of the world has revealed the potential for emergency situation occurrence at landfills due to the placement of disposal technologies directly at these objects. The analysis of the technogenic hazard state of solid waste management technologies in the developing countries of Europe coincides with the question of the existence of potential danger of emergencies situations at landfills. This extends the list and impact of the major hazardous factors for the emergency situations occurrence at the landfills. The introduction of technologies, on the one hand, helps to solve environmental problems, increase well-being, on the other hand, it increases the risk of emergencies situations occurrence and their magnitude.
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