MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL IN UKRAINE IN 2018
The analysis results of the state of municipal solid waste disposal in Ukraine during 2018 are presented. It is noted that the main method of solid waste management in Ukraine was a disposal at landfills (93,35%). Such way of management leaded to accumulation more than 1.3 billion tones of solid waste during previous years. Most landfills do not meet environmental safety requirements.
Only 46 landfills from 6107 have filtrate collecting systems and only 33 have technological facilities for its safe disposal. Moreover, in compared with 2017, there is a 20% reduction of the number of filtration systems and filtrate disposal systems. According to the calculations, the total volume of the filtrate, produced during the year at all landfills in Ukraine is 27 million m3. In case of incorrect filtrate treatment, it is obvious that it infiltrates into the underground water horizons, discharges into the surface waters. It leads to a significant deterioration of the hydrosphere. Only 18 landfills have the biogas extraction systems, one of which uses burning torch technology, and all other have cogeneration units.
During first 9 months of 2018, such systems produced about 2.6 million m3 of biogas and produced more than 8.4 million kWh of electricity. This fact confirms the economic expediency of solving the problems of municipal solid waste disposal by the arrangement of biogas extraction systems. At the same time, in 2018 only 5.500 UAH was spent on reconstruction of each hectare at Ukrainian landfills from the state and local budgets, which seems catastrophically insufficient for such dangerous objects. All this facts indicate that today there is no one country strategy in the field of solid waste management and the necessary attention to extremely acute environmental problems.
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