HEAT MODES OF THE HEATING NETWORK IN WARMING BUILDINGS
The results of calculations of heat losses by network pipelines for heating of idealized groups of buildings during insulation of structures are presented in the work. Formulas for estimation of heat loss reduction by heat conduits are proposed depending on the efficiency of energy saving measures for construction and the law of change of network water costs along the length of the heat conduit, which is determined by the network configuration. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the influence of the hydraulic characteristics of the branches of the heating network on the magnitude of heat losses during transportation of the coolant by pipelines of the distribution network to buildings. Idealized groups of buildings with the same number of objects and the same maximum heat consumption for heating of a separate building are considered. For district heating systems, the efficiency of implementing energy-saving measures for buildings is determined not only by the reduction of heating costs, but also by the change in operating costs for the microdistrict heating network, which is caused by the reduction of heat carrier costs and heat losses by heating system pipelines. The magnitude of the heat loss depends on the method of laying the networks, the parameters of the pipeline insulation, the temperature of the coolant, and the environment. In the case of selective insulation of the buildings of the selected group of buildings, the location of the insulated building is significantly influenced by the amount of heat losses by the pipelines. In case of centralized heat supply, a fragment of the construction load decrease due to the insulation of buildings and the reduction of the network water temperature in the space heating devices causes the reduction of heat losses by the pipelines of the distribution thermal networks. The magnitude of the reduction of heat losses by heat pipelines is determined by the degree of efficiency of insulation of buildings, the nature of changes in the cost of the coolant along the length of the branch of the thermal network and practically does not depend on the magnitude of the heating load of buildings.
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