INDICATORS THERMAL AND HYDRAULIC MODES OF DISTRIBUTION HEAT NETWORKS
The task of heat supply systems is to ensure the quality of services at a minimum cost in the production and transportation of thermal energy. Because the distribution heat networks of district and district systems are characterized by significant branching and significantly longer lengths of heat pipelines compared to the main sections of heating networks, reducing heat loss in these elements of the heating system significantly affects the overall efficiency of district heating. The amount of heat loss depends on the method of laying networks and the diameter of heat pipes, thermal insulation parameters and temperature of the coolant and the environment.
Based on the formulas for determining the specific pressure losses to overcome the friction forces obtained from the generalization of these projects of central heating systems of a number of residential districts of Kharkiv, calculated dependences for determining heat losses by supply and return pipelines of the main branches of the heating network. Estimates of accuracy of use of the offered formulas are carried out.
The aim of the work is to determine the specific pressure losses for the main branches of heating distribution networks on the basis of generalization of design data for heat supply systems of building groups and clarification of formulas for calculating heat losses by pipelines of central heating distribution system. Based on the generalization of projects for the heating network of residential neighborhoods in Kharkiv, a formula for calculating the specific pressure loss during water movement in the pipelines of the main branches of the heating network depending on the heat load of buildings connected to the branch. Formulas for calculation of heat losses by supply and return pipelines of the main branches of a heating network of the residential district are offered. A comparison of the accuracy of calculations using the proposed formulas with existing methods for determining heat loss in branched heat supply networks, which showed the possibility of using formulas in preliminary assessments of the thermal state of networks.
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