ORGANISATION OF THE TRANSPORTATION PROCESS OF OVERSIZED CARGO BY MODES OF TRANSPORT. ROLE AND POSITION OF MARITIME TRANSPORT IN THIS PROCESS

  • O. Melnyk Odessa National Maritime University
Keywords: Oversized and heavylift cargo transportation, water transport, mode of transportation

Abstract

The article deals with comparison of modes of transportation concerning oversized and heavylift cargo carriage. The peculiarities of each mode of transport directed to determine the rational spheres of its use, but at the same time the development of the geography of maritime trade and intercontinental mainline freight flows has had a significant impact on the increase in the volume of transportation of industrial cargoes, raw materials and high-tech equipment and served as an impetus for the realization of the competitive advantages of the water transport over the other modes of transportation.  Assistance in the development of external economic relations and provision of international trade relations as priority components in the list of advantages of which marine transport has in the world economy. Therefore, it becomes obvious that one of the most difficult types of transportation is the carriage of oversized and heavylift cargoes.  It is reasonable to note that this concept has differences depending on the type of transport used.  There are also various rules of transportation by rail, sea, air and road.  Advantages and disadvantages of the implementation of the transportation process of oversized cargo using a particular mode of transport are not very apparent and depend primarily on factors such as indication of dimensions, information on weight, type of cargo, route requirements and time required for transportation, volume of transportation, specific conditions and requirements for carriage. Oversized cargoes in their turn include the cargo units of construction vehicles (excavators, bulldozers, graders, trucks), drilling rigs, earthmoving machines, various machinery and mechanisms for mining industry, steel structures and bridge supports, wind generators, transformers, as well as extra-length equipment, parts and components of plants.

Author Biography

O. Melnyk, Odessa National Maritime University

postgraduate

References

Vlasova, N.V., Kozlova, N.S. (2018) Cargoes and special goods transported by oversized transport. Irkutsk State University of Railways.

Kotenko, A.M. , Lavrukhin, O.V., Shilaev, P.S., Svitlichna, A.V. , Shevchenko, V.I., Pilipenko, O.M. (2014) Transportation of oversized and large vantages at transport systems. Collection of scientific works of UkrDAZT , 145.

Traffic rules of Ukraine. (2017) Q..22 Cargo transportation.;

Ports of Ukraine. Retrieved from: www.ports.com.ua;

Lazarenko, Yu.M., Brzhezovskiy, A.M., Gusev, E.A., Genkina, E. G. (2016) Improvement of transport schemes for transportation of oversized cargo. Railway transport, 8.

Troitskaya, N.A. (1992) Transportation of oversized cargoes by automobile transport. Moscow: Transport, 160 p. OUNB Sverdlovsk;

Matovnikov, A.N. (2007) Development of processes of organization of production of air transportation of unique oversized cargo. Dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences of USTU, Ulyanovsk.

Cargoes transported by boats and helicopters.(2012) Types 49.020, Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine Ordinance No. 352;

Retrieved from https://www.msc.com/.

Retrieved from https://logisticaytransportefe.wordpress.com/.

Tutova, M. O., Borzenkova, N. O. (2016) The biggest world ports as basic warehouses of international logistics. Scientific research, 3 (4).

UNCTAD Review of Maritime Transport (2019). ISBN 978-92-1-112958-8, Geneva;

Antonov Airlines (n.d.) Retrieved from www.antonov-airlines.com.

Instructions for oversized and heavylift cargo transportation by railway of Ukraine. (2006);.

Retrieved from. http://izron.ru/.

The rules for the carriage of oversized and heavylift cargoes. (1996) Odessa: YuzhnNIIMF.- 61 p. Odesa;

Melnyk, O. (2018) Criteria for selecting a logistics company at the stage of planning the transportation of project cargo. "A Scientific Look into the Future", 10, 1, 55-59, ISSN 2415-766X (P);

Melnyk, О. (2018) Features of planning the carriage of project cargoes. Modern engineering and innovative technologies Journal, 4, 2, 59-63.

Melnyk, O. (2019) Analysis of the project cargo transportation market. Modern Engineering and Innovative Technologies Journal, 8, 1, 86-91.

Melnyk, O. (2019) Features of transportation of oversized cargo by sea. LOGOS, Proceedings of international scientific and practical conference “The results of scientific mind's development”, Seoul, S.Korea, 90-94.

Published
2020-04-03
How to Cite
MelnykO. (2020). ORGANISATION OF THE TRANSPORTATION PROCESS OF OVERSIZED CARGO BY MODES OF TRANSPORT. ROLE AND POSITION OF MARITIME TRANSPORT IN THIS PROCESS. Municipal Economy of Cities, 1(154), 231-239. Retrieved from https://khg.kname.edu.ua/index.php/khg/article/view/5559