ASSESSMENT THE IMPLEMENTATION THE COMBINED MODE OF MOVEMENT ON THE URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT ROUTES WITH IMPLEMENTATION THE PRIORITY LANE ON FOR TRAFFIC
The expediency of the organization of the combined mode of traffic on city bus routes with taken into account the introduction allocating a priority lane in order to increase transport demand, due to involving interests of transport companies and the requests of passengers in terms of quality, reliability and safety are considered.
As the level of motorization increases, a significant number of road accidents (accidents) are recorded by the Road Traffic Safety Administration in Ukraine, with not only an increase in their number but also their severity. Most road traffic accidents occur with the participation of city buses.
In order to reduce the risk of vehicle collision and improve traffic safety, it is proposed to organize the movement of urban transport vehicles on a dedicated lane. To assess the possibility of implementing high-speed traffic or BRT-like systems by allocating a lane for urban transport routes, Kharkiv city route system was considered with various factors in mind. From the considered urban routes for further consideration regarding the implementation of the dedicated (specialized) lane for routes of the urban transport, the route network of the Slobidsky district of Kharkiv city was selected.
Obtained indicators of the route № 226e of Kharkiv during full-time observations in the peak period and the use of the objective function of the feasibility of introducing a combined mode of traffic on city routes indicate that when organizing a combined mode of traffic on the route № 226e, a rational ratio of the number of vehicles is 4 buses operating normally and 2 in express mode. In this ratio, the total cost is minimal, which satisfies both the interests of the transport company and the interests of passengers.
The assessment of the feasibility of organizing a combined mode of traffic on urban routes, taking into account the implementation of a dedicated lane indicates that such a process contributes to the reduction of harmful emissions into the air and increases the demand for urban passenger transport services by improving the quality of service. The results show that the implementation of a dedicated (specialized) lane for urban transport routes has the effect of reducing the likelihood of an accident, increasing the level of traffic safety along the route.
Vakulenko, K.E. & Dolya, K.V. (2015). UpravlInnya mIskim pasazhirskim transportom. Navch. posIbnik, 257.
Dolya, V.K. (2011). Pasazhirski perevezennya: PIdruchnik, 504.
PolIschuk. V.P., Lanoviy, O.T., Bodnar. T.V. (2008). Viznachennya rIvnIv bezpeki ruhu na avtomobIlnih dorogah zagalnogo koristuvannya. VIsnik NatsIonalnogo transportnogo unIversitetu, 2, 104-107.
Vakulenko K.E., Sokolova N.A., ShillE N.V. (2017). AdaptatsIya printsipIv mIskoYi logIstiki do organIzatsIYi pasazhirskih perevezen. Komunalne gospodarstvo mIst: nau-kovo-tehnIchniy zb., serIya «TehnIchnI nauki ta arhItektura»,134,113 – 121.
Lobashov, O. O., DavIdIch, Yu. O., Harchenko, V. F., Vakulenko, K. E., … Sokolova, N. A. (2018). Suchasna prob-lematika funktsIonuvannya transportnih ta logIstichnih sistem. MonografIya, 222.
Klinkovshteyn, G.I., Afanasev, M. B. (1992). Moskva. Transport, 207.
Babkov, V.F. (1993). Dorozhnyie usloviya i bezopasnost dvizheniya. Uchebnik dlya vuzov, 271.
Abramova, L. S., Shirin, V.V., Ptitsa. G.G. (2015). Analiz metodov opredeleniya pokazateley bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizheniya. Vestnik HNADU, 69, 118-123.
Lobanov, E.M. (1990). Transportnaya planirovka gorodov. Moskva : Transport, 240.
Lezhneva, O. I. (2010). OrganIzatsIya perevezen pasazhirIv u mIstah. Navchalniy posIbnik, 311.
Vakulenko, E.E., Sokolova, N.A. (2016). Organizatsiya kombinirovannogo rezhima dvizheniya na marshrutah go-rodskogo passazhirskogo transporta. Sb. nauch. tr. Sovershenstvovanie organizatsii dorozhnogo dvizheniya i perevozok passazhirov i gruzov, 3-12.
Lezhneva, O.I. (2014). RatsIonalna organIzatsIya ruhu na marshrutah mIskogo pasazhirskogo transport. Vestnik HPI, 17, 37-42.
Ceder, A. (2007). Public transit planning and operation: theory, modeling and practice, Oxford: Elsevier, 626.
European cooperation in science and technology. (2011). Buses with High Level of Service. Fundamental characteristics and recommendations for decision-making and research. Results from 35 European cities, 180.
Bus Rapid Transit (2003). Washington. Case Studies in Bus Rapid Transit: Transportation research board, 1, 62.
Vakulenko, K. E., Lezhneva, O. I., Sokolova, N. A. (2019). DotsIlnIst vikoristannya vidIlenoYi smugi ruhu dlya mIskih avtobusnih marshrutIv, VIsnik NatsIonalnogo unIversitetu «LvIvska polItehnIka», 911, 74-78.
Linnik, I.E. (2017). OtsInka prognozuvannya ekologIch-nogo stanu dorozhnogo gospodarstva, MonografIya, 143.
Babkov, V. F. & Andreev, O.V. (1993). Dorozhnyie usloviya i bezopasnost dvizheniya, Uchebnik dlya vuzov, 2, 271.
MetodichnI rekomendatsIYi schodo otsInki propusknoYi zdatnostI avtomobIlnih dorIg. (2012). (ODM 218.2.020-2012). Moskva: Rosavtodor.
Dolya, V.K. & Ermak, O.M. (2012). Viznachennya za-konomIrnostey zmIni ymovIrnostI viniknennya DTP, Vos-tochno-Evropeyskiy zhurnal peredovyih tehnologiy, 59, 4-6.
BulavIna, L.V. (2009). Rozrahunok propusknoYi zdatnostI magIstraley I vuzlIv, DNZ VPO UDTU, 44.
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).