ASSESSMENT THE IMPLEMENTATION THE COMBINED MODE OF MOVEMENT ON THE URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT ROUTES WITH IMPLEMENTATION THE PRIORITY LANE ON FOR TRAFFIC

  • K. Vakulenko O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv
  • N. Sokolova O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv
  • N. Shyllye O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv
  • E. Lezhneva Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University
Keywords: traffic safety, urban public transport, priority traffic lane, city transit service.

Abstract

The expediency of the organization of the combined mode of traffic on city bus routes with taken into account the introduction allocating a priority lane in order to increase transport demand, due to involving interests of transport companies and the requests of passengers in terms of quality, reliability and safety are considered.

As the level of motorization increases, a significant number of road accidents (accidents) are recorded by the Road Traffic Safety Administration in Ukraine, with not only an increase in their number but also their severity. Most road traffic accidents occur with the participation of city buses.

In order to reduce the risk of vehicle collision and improve traffic safety, it is proposed to organize the movement of urban transport vehicles on a dedicated lane. To assess the possibility of implementing high-speed traffic or BRT-like systems by allocating a lane for urban transport routes, Kharkiv city route system was considered with various factors in mind. From the considered urban routes for further consideration regarding the implementation of the dedicated (specialized) lane for routes of the urban transport, the route network of the Slobidsky district of Kharkiv city was selected.

Obtained indicators of the route № 226e of Kharkiv during full-time observations in the peak period and the use of the objective function of the feasibility of introducing a combined mode of traffic on city routes indicate that when organizing a combined mode of traffic on the route № 226e, a rational ratio of the number of vehicles is 4 buses operating normally and 2 in express mode. In this ratio, the total cost is minimal, which satisfies both the interests of the transport company and the interests of passengers.

The assessment of the feasibility of organizing a combined mode of traffic on urban routes, taking into account the implementation of a dedicated lane indicates that such a process contributes to the reduction of harmful emissions into the air and increases the demand for urban passenger transport services by improving the quality of service. The results show that the implementation of a dedicated (specialized) lane for urban transport routes has the effect of reducing the likelihood of an accident, increasing the level of traffic safety along the route.

Author Biographies

K. Vakulenko, O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

Ph.D., Associate Professor

N. Sokolova, O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

assistant of Departament

N. Shyllye, O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

assistant of Departament

E. Lezhneva, Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University

Ph.D., Associate Professor

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Published
2020-04-03
How to Cite
VakulenkoK., SokolovaN., ShyllyeN., & LezhnevaE. (2020). ASSESSMENT THE IMPLEMENTATION THE COMBINED MODE OF MOVEMENT ON THE URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT ROUTES WITH IMPLEMENTATION THE PRIORITY LANE ON FOR TRAFFIC . Municipal Economy of Cities, 1(154), 253-260. Retrieved from https://khg.kname.edu.ua/index.php/khg/article/view/5562