CONTENT SPECIFICATION OF THE CONCEPT "SPORTS AND LEISURE COMPLEX" FOR RESEARCHING URBAN ENVIRONMENT DEVELOPMENT
Keywords:concept, complex, sport, leisure, recreation, activity, urban life, physical activity, urban environment.
Background: The expediency of the study lies in the need of the society to address the issue of improving the level of physical activity and health of the Ukrainians. To do this, it is necessary to rely on scientifically grounded ideas about the essence of sports and leisure complexes that meet the needs of the population. Therefore, the purpose of this work is to specify the meaning of the concept of "sports and leisure complex".
Methods: To achieve the goal of the study, the following tasks are consistently solved: analysis of scientific works that cover various aspects of the formation and development of sports and leisure objects; exposure of the essence of the life processes that are localized in the structure of the studied objects; analysis of the conceptual and terminological apparatus used in the research of modern sports and leisure activities in related scientific domains; specification of the concept of "sports and leisure complex" in the architectural and town-planning sphere.
Results: Analysis of the scientific literature and practical experience on the research topic proves that current trends in the society and sports development, as well as prospects for convergence of amateur and professional approach to sport necessitate the development of new approaches to architectural and urban organization of sports and leisure complexes.
Conclusions: Sports and leisure complex is a special material and spatial formation of the urban environment, which meets the needs of citizens in realization of the creative potential and self-actualization of a person at leisure in the form of physical loading as well as recovery of physical, spiritual and intellectual, energy, psycho-emotional resources. Different forms of functional and spatial organization of sports and leisure complexes are determined by the dominant type of physical activity, the needs of users, town-planning conditions, the author's idea. These objects provide not only sports and recreation activities, but also informal social communication, which contributes to strengthening of urban communities.
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