ANALYSIS OF THE FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE OF ARCHITECTURAL AND URBAN PLANNING FORMATION OF SPORTS AND LEISURE COMPLEXES
Nowadays there is an urgent need for Ukrainians to meet the demands of quality, diversity and availability of sports services. Therefore, sports and leisure complexes, which are integrated into the urban infrastructure, act as interactive public spaces with tactile surfaces.
Analysis of foreign practical experience in the formation of sports and leisure complexes demonstrates what it means to move around the city, breathe new life into abandoned places and how the architecture of modern life is changing. The countries of China, Russia, and Denmark were analyzed. This analysis showed that the typical objects for leisure activities are:
1) Squares, parking lots with integrated sports and leisure areas;
2) Separate specialized buildings of sports and leisure centers or centers of youth culture with different sports;
3) Open public spaces in parks, residential complexes, preschool education constructions, health centers.
The analysis of the features of sports and leisure complexes formation in the territory of Ukraine allowed to reveal two groups.
The first group consists of outdoor areas, which contain outdoor simulators or sports complex workout for trainings, both for professional athletes and amateurs.
The second group of sports and leisure complexes contains "urban parks" as centers for the development of street culture, which has become a part of the state youth policy.
The analysis of foreign and domestic practical experience of architectural and urban planning formation of sports and leisure complexes proved that there is an active implementation of the advanced world concepts related to a healthy lifestyle in Ukraine. At the same time, the design of sports and leisure complexes is at the stage of formation and requires the development of special methods, as well as research in terms of typological, structural-functional and planning analysis. Determination of the factors influencing the development of the studied objects and the principles of their formation is needed. This can be considered as the next stage of this research.
2. Space (2018). Urbanism: what is it about, with whom and for what?
3. What is Placemaking? Retrieved form https://www.pps.org/article/what-is-placemaking
4. Zlotnikova, T.S. & Makarova, A.D. (2018). Placemaking: from Global Movement to Local Experience. Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin, 1, 244–248.
5. Placemaking Guide (2020). Digital.
6. Zhulkevska, O.V. & Gryshchenko, M.V. (2012). Public Space of the City as an Object of Sociological Investigation and Empirical Referent of Social Changes. Sociological Studies, 1, 61–66.
7. Public space in the sociology of the city. Problems of public space in St. Petersburg (2009). Retrieved form http://les-urbanistes.blogspot.com/2009/03/blog-post_02.html
8. Prokopov, O.V. (2019). Modern experience in designing and building facilities for extreme sports on the example of skate parks. Modern Problems of Architecture and Urban Planning, 54, 403–414.
9. Krushelnycky, R.Е. (2013). Typological aspects of design skateparks. Bulletin of the South Ural State University Series “Construction Engineering and Architecture” 2013, vol. 13, no. 1, 9–12.
10. Sklyarenko, S.A. & Samolysov, A.V. (2014). Typology of skate-parks and its elements. SWorld, 16 (2), 49–56.
11. DBN B.2.2-13-2003 (2004). Buildings and structures. Sports and fitness facilities. Kyiv, publisher: Ministry of Regional Development of Ukraine.
12. Krushelnytsky, R.O. (2014). Architectural-planning organization of physical-culture and recreational constructions in the structure of dwelling building. Autoreferat, 21.
13. СП 31-115-2008. Outdoor physical culture and sports facilities. Part 4. Extreme sports. Moscow: Federal Agency for Physical Culture and Sports. Retrieved form www.gostrf.com/normadata/1/4293821/4293821419.htm
14. Second Stage of Hangzhou Cloud Town Exhibition Center. Retrieved form https://www.archdaily.com/903443/second-stage-of-hangzhou-cloud-town-exhibition-center-approach-design
15. Park ‘n’ Play. Retrieved form https://www.archdaily.com/884956/park-n-play-jaja-architects
16. Activity Landscape Around Lethallen. Retrieved form https://www.masuplanning.com/project/activity-landscape-around-lethallen/
17. Activity Landscape. Retrieved form https://www.plataformaarquitectura.cl/cl/792380/paisaje-de-actividad-jaja-architects-plus-ai?ad_source=search&ad_medium=search_result_projects
18. Ordzhonikidze pentagon. Retrieved form https://archi.ru/projects/russia/16276/pyatiugolnik-ordzhonikidze
19. Duevej Climate School Yard. Retrieved form https://www.masuplanning.com/project/duevej-school/
20. Osychenko, G.O. & Chinyako, A.Yu. (2016). Foreign experience of formation of urban spaces for youth. Modern problems of architecture and urban planning, 43 (1), 263–269.
21. Urban park on St. George's Boulevard. Retrieved form https://uniquebuild.com.ua/projects/urban-park-na-bulvare-yureva/
22. Implemented skate parks. Retrieved form https://rightpark.com.ua/category/realizovannyie-skeytparki/
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).