THE IMPACT OF MIGRANT PEASANTS ON THE URBAN SPACE (HO CHI MINH CITY — GÀNH DẦU)
Background: This article uses the term “way of living” in its connection with “place identity” to analyze the impact of new urban residents (migrant peasants) on the urban space transformation. In the thematic study of the spatial development of the Ho Chi Minh City center, the configuration of the influence of the key actors (state and community) is analyzed. The architectural environment of the Vietnamese Ho Chi Minh City (formerly known as Saigon) is considered in the context of the similarity of its development (consequences of development) to the transformation of the space of Ukrainian cities.
Methods: Observations and theoretical discourse on the recent changes in the city’s spatial organization are used to create a detailed description of several quarters of the city center on which the study focuses. This description allows us to understand the nature of changes in the urban environment, which is expressed in the continuous (daily) deconstruction of the historical environment, and the main drivers of this process. Turning to the hypothesis of the influence of the new residents’ “way of life”, which is different from the one of the urban residents, the study was supplemented by the analysis of the spatial organization and neighborhood of the fishing village of Gành Dầu in the province of tỉnh Kiên Giang.
Results: The study of the space-community interactions of this sustainable rural settlement determines the similarity of the “rural identity” of local residents with the “urban identity” (autochthonous urban population of Ho Chi Minh City) in terms of perception and use of the common space. Therefore, differences in lifestyle (urban/rural) are not the main source of influence on the gradual changes in urban morphology and the loss of authentic buildings. In the context of this study, the impact of “consumer identity” as a manifestation of a “fluid society” (characterized by instability and uncertainty) that is in the process of constant change is more noticeable. It is important to emphasize that the influence of the local community (with any type of identity) on the transformation of the urban space occurs only through the informal spatial practices, and is not the only or determining factor.
Conclusions: Due to the similarity of the processes of the spatial development of the Vietnamese and Ukrainian cities, this study provides a significant comparative example for the analysis of the urban environment transformations. This study helps to introduce a new research program that addresses the gap between the architectural analysis of the interaction between the (substituted) community-space and research in other scientific fields.
2. Beauregard, R.A. (2003). City of superlatives. City & Community, 2(3), 183–199.
3. Lefebre, H. (1991). The production of space. Trans. N. Donaldson-Smith, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.
4. House, J. (2017). Double présence? Migrations, liens ville-campagne et luttes pour l’indépendance à Alger, Casablanca, Hanoi et Saigon/Connecting city and countryside: Migrations, city-countryside connections, and struggles for independence in Algiers, Casablanca, Hanoi, and Saigon. Monde (s). Histoire, Espaces, Relations, 12(2), 95–120.
5. Waibel, M. (2016). Vietnams Metropolen. Geographische Rundschau, 68(2), 4–9.
6. Waibel, M. (2016). Urban informalities: reflections on the formal and informal. Routledge.
7. Rapoport, A. (1969). House Form and Culture, Prentice-Hall. Inc: New Jersey.
8. Sorre, M. (1952). Les Fondements de la Géographie Humaine: Tome III. Librairie Armand Colin.
9. Lalli, M. (1988). Urban identity. In Environmental social psychology (pp. 303–311). Springer, Dordrecht.
10. Harvey, D., & Harvey, D. (1989). The urban experience (p. 256). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
11. Uzzell, D., Pol, E., & Badenas, D. (2002). Place identification, social cohesion, and environmental sustainability. Environment and behavior, 34(1), 26–53.
12. Zukin, S. (2009). Naked city: The death and life of authentic urban places. Oxford University Press.
13. Belanche, D., Casaló, L.V., & Flavián, C. (2017). Understanding the cognitive, affective and evaluative components of social urban identity: Determinants, measurement, and practical consequences. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 50, 138–153.
14. Creed, G.W. (1997). Introduction: recognizing rusticity–identity and the power of place. Teoksessa Barbara Ching–Gerald W. Creed (toim.). Knowing your place–rural identity and cultural hierarchy, 1–38.
15. Alkon, A.H., & Traugot, M. (2008). Place matters, but how? Rural identity, environmental decision making, and the social construction of place. City & Community, 7(2), 97–112.
16. Fitchen, J.M., & Gittelman, S.R. (2019). Endangered spaces, enduring places: Change, identity, and survival in rural America. Routledge.
17. Proshansky, H. M., Fabian, A. K., & Kaminoff, R. (1983). Place-identity: Physical world socialization of the self. Journal of environmental psychology.
18. Golubović, Z. (2011). An anthropological conceptualisation of identity. Synthesis philosophica, 26(1), 25–43.
19. Niinimäki, K. (2010). Eco‐clothing, consumer identity and ideology. Sustainable development, 18(3), 150–162.
20. Ahuvia, A.C. (2005). Beyond the extended self: Loved objects and consumers' identity narratives. Journal of consumer research, 32(1), 171–184.
21. De Certeau, M., & Mayol, P. (1998). The Practice of Everyday Life: Living and cooking. Volume 2 (Vol. 2). U of Minnesota Press.
22. Slater, D. (1997). Consumer Culture and. Buy this Book: Studies in Advertising and Consumption, 51.
23. Arnould, E. J., & Thompson, C. J. (2005). Consumer culture theory (CCT): Twenty years of research. Journal of consumer research, 31(4), 868–882.
24. Bauman, Z. (2013). Liquid modernity. John Wiley & Sons.
25. Waibel, M., Eckert, R., Bose, M., & Volker, M. (2007). Housing for low income groups in Ho Chi Minh City, between re-integration and fragmentation. Asien, 103, 59.
26. Campos, R. (2016). Visibilidades e Invisibilidades Urbanas. Revista de Ciências Sociais: RCS, 47(1), 49–76.
27. Balandier, G. (2006). Le pouvoir sur scènes. Fayard.
28. Douglass, M., & Huang, L. (2007). Globalizing the city in Southeast Asia: Utopia on the urban edge–the case of Phu My Hung, Saigon. Ijaps, 3(2), 1–42.
29. Van Assche, K., Beunen, R., & Duineveld, M. (2014). Formal/informal dialectics and the self-transformation of spatial planning systems: An exploration. Administration & Society, 46(6), 654–683.
30. Thảo, N. B. P. Vai Trò Của Tín Ngưỡng Dân Giantrong Đời Sống Của Ngư Dân Đảo Phú Quốc.
31. Martin, D.G. (2003). “Place-framing” as place-making: Constituting a neighborhood for organizing and activism. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 93(3), 730–750.
32. Gielen, P. (2015). Performing the common city: On the crossroads of art, politics and public life. In Interrupting the city: Artistic constitutions of the public sphere (pp. 273–298). Valiz.
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).