ORGANIZATION OF EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH DETERMINATION OF TRANSPORT NOISE LEVELS AT THE FIRST STAGE OF MOTORING
Monitoring studies are considered as a system of environmental monitoring of anthropogenic factors, based on the legislation of Ukraine, monitoring of physical impacts, including noise levels, are necessary and important in terms of monitoring the air of populated cities. The article is devoted to the substantiation of the need to organize monitoring observations of the levels of noise pollution caused by the operation of vehicles in the residential areas of populated cities. Scientific and methodological approaches to the organization of experimental research to determine noise levels as the first stage of the monitoring system have been developed. The state normative-legal base is analyzed, it is revealed that the organization of experimental researches of noise characteristics of the transport streams going along apartment houses, isn't fixed at the legislative level. The system of monitoring noise pollution levels should consist of the following main stages: 1) data collection (measurement of noise levels in the field); 2) processing of the received data (calculation of equivalent and maximum noise levels on the basis of the received field observations); 3) compilation of databases; 4) detection of discomfort zones (comparison of the obtained equivalent and maximum noise levels with the allowable ones). Unified schemes of location of the control point for instrumental measurements of traffic noise levels, depending on the category of roads adjacent to residential buildings, are proposed. This approach takes into account all possible layout options of the urban area, which allows to identify noise-absorbing properties of green areas of roadside space and provide environmentally friendly noise protection solutions to reduce man-made pollution and quantify the noise load in residential areas affected by the road. The results of approbation of experimental measurements according to the offered schemes which give the chance of revealing of uncomfortable zones in territories of inhabited building for acceptance of the further ecologically safe noise protection practical decisions are resulted.
2. DSTU-N.BV 11-35: 2013. Guidelines for the calculation of noise in the premises and in the territories. [Effective from 2014-01-01]. Kind. ofits. Kyiv: Ministry of Regional Development of Ukraine, 2014. 58 pp.
3. DSTU GOST 31296.1: 2007. Noise. Description, measurement and assessment of noise in the field. Part 1. Basic values and evaluation procedure (GOST 31296.1-2005 (ISO 1996-1: 2003, IDT). [Valid from 2007-10-17]. Official Gazette of Kyiv: Derzhspozhyvstandart of Ukraine, 2009. 154 p.
4. M 218 - 03450778 - 673: 2010 Methodology for estimating the forecasted noise level within the impact zones of the highway [Effective from 2010-01-01] Official Gazette of the State Research Institute, 2010. 23 p.
5. Ecological safety of Ivano-Frankivsk urban system according to acoustical and electromagnetic load factors / Y. Adamenko, M. Coman, T. Kundelska // Scientific Bulletin Series D: Mining, Mineral Processing, Non- Ferrous Metallurgy, Geology and Environmental Engineering. – 2017. – Vol 31 (2). – P. 27–33.
6. Bakharev, V.S. Noise pollution of environmental components as a factor of man-made danger / V.S. Bakharev, I.P. Dana // Applied aspects of technogenic and ecological safety: a collection of materials of the All-Ukrainian scientific-practical conference. (Kharkov, December 6, 2013). Kh .: NUNZZU. – 2013. – P. 190–191.
7. Vnukova, N.V. Assessment of acoustic pollution // Eastern European Journal of Advanced Technologies. – 2011. – Vyp. 4/6 (52). – P. 42–47.
8. Vnukova N.V. Methodology of ecological safety of the ADS complex (car – road – environment) / N.V. Vnukova. Kharkiv. – 2011. – 196 pp.
9. Tkach, N.O. Reconstruction of urban development taking into account the acoustic safety of the population // Bulletin of the Dnieper State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture. – 2012. – № 1–3. – P. 113–120.
10. Tkach, N.O. Reconstruction of urban development taking into account the acoustic safety of the population // Bulletin of the Dnieper State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture. – 2012. – № 1–3. – P. 113–120.
11. Yurchenko, V.O. Influence of the road on the state of roadside ecosystems // Man and the environment. Problems of neoecology: science. Journal of Kharkiv National University named after V.N. Karazin. – 2010. – №2 (15). – P. 63–67.
12. Reshetchenko, A.I. Increasing the environmental safety of urban systems under man-made load from noise pollution : dis. … Cand. tehn nauk. – Sumy State University, 2020. – 155 pp.
13. Reshetchenko, A.I. Investigation of the influence of motor transport flows on the acoustic environment of urban landscapes // Municipal economy of cities. − 2018. − №146. − P. 180−183.
14. Reshetchenko, A. Evaluation of the effects of green plantings strip on the spatial distribution of noise level from road traffic / A. Reshetchenko, V. Barannik, F. Stolberg // Technogenic and ecological safety. − 2019. − № 6. − P. 49−53.
15. Reshetchenko, A. Assessment of the contribution of plantings of different functional purpose in reducing transport noise along motorway roads in urbanized areas / Reshetchenko A., Vnukova N., Vergeles Yu. // The scientific heritage. − 2020. − № 46 (2020). − R. 40−46.
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).