REGULARITIES OF PERFORMING TYPICAL OPERATIONS TO PREVENT EMERGENCY SITUATIONS RELATED TO THE PULSE CHARACTER OF EMISSION OF DANGEROUS CHEMICAL
Keywords:small explosive object, hazardous chemicals, impulse emission, regularities of activity, rescuers
Increasing the level of terrorist threat worldwide, in the case of the use of hazardous chemicals at mass-scale facilities, requires the improvement of operational response by both rescue units and emergency personnel. of objects. One of the areas of such activity is the localization of an emergency situation in case of explosion of a small explosive object with elements containing dangerous chemical substances.
At the same time, the paper shows that there is a contradiction between the possible variants of terrorist acts related to the explosion of small-sized explosive objects with elements containing dangerous chemicals, existing new models of protective devices and methodological support for the preparation of rescue personnel actions.
On the other hand, the lack of adequate scientific support hinders the implementation of new units of protective devices in the operational activity of the operational units, in the case of a protective device for transporting and destroying explosive objects, which has been tested in the SES units of Ukraine.
Experimental studies involving cadets of the National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine and the Training Center of the Operational Rescue Service of the Civil Protection of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine showed that the allocation of time to perform typical emergency prevention operations related to the impulse character of chemicals with a significance level of α = 0.05 is normal. At the same time, the mathematical expectation of the execution time of the same type of operations differs significantly depending on the personal protective equipment of the rescuers in which they work. It is noted that a promising area of research is the development of new standards to improve the initial preparation of personnel of pyrotechnic units to prevent emergencies related to the impulse nature of the discharge of a dangerous chemical substance, which is triggered by small explosive objects.
A promising area of research is the development of new regulations to improve the initial training of personnel of pyrotechnic units to prevent emergencies related to the impulse nature of the discharge of a dangerous chemical substance, which is initiated by a small explosive object.
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