CLUSTERING THE REGIONS OF UKRAINE BY LEVEL DEATH AND GROUP TRAUMA
It is worth noting that it is precisely industrial injuries that occupy a significant place among the causes of death in the world.
The purpose of this work is to study the level of fatal and group injuries in Ukraine. To achieve this goal, the following tasks were solved: 1) to study the effect of seasonality on the level of injuries; 2) to carry out clustering in order to identify homogeneous groups of regions that will characterize their greater or lesser impact on the level of fatal injuries in Ukraine.
Considered in time the values of injury rates are not prone to seasonality. The impact of seasonality is noticeable only in certain industries that are directly related to external natural factors (construction or agro-industrial complex).
Clustering, taking into account the regional and sectoral structure of Ukraine, identified five groups of regions. Of these, two clusters with a total of 20 regions account for 56% of occupational injuries and injuries. The remaining 44% are distributed between 4 regions. This is explained by the significant centralization of sectoral production and regional disproportion of socio-economic development of Ukraine. Thus, the most dangerous in terms of scale and level of fatal injuries are Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Lviv and Kiev regions.
The distribution of fatalities and cases of group injuries is significantly conditioned by the specialization and concentration of sectoral production in a particular region. However, no direct correlation was found between the values of the total number of the injured and the number of deaths. Identifying the causes that have a significant impact on the distribution of such cases, indicated that more than 80% of occupational injuries are related not to the high degree of danger of the manufacturing process itself, but to the employee's behavior, which explains the discrepancy between these indicators.
2. Buts, Yu.V., Barbashyn, V.V., Krainiuk, O.V., Osipova, Yu.S., Pavlichenko, P.V. (2019). Statistical analysis of the level of occupational injuries in the sector. Municipal economy of cities. Series: Engineering Sciences and Architecture, 5. 151. 87-93. DOI 10.33042/2522-1809-2019-5-151-87-93.
3. World statistics. (n.d.) International Labor Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.ilo.org/moscow/areas-of-work/occupational-safety-and-health/WCMS_249276/lang--ru/index.htm.
4. On the state of labor protection in Ukraine. (2020) State Service of Ukraine for Labor. Retrieved from: http://dsp.gov.ua/pro-stan-okhorony-pratsi-v-ukraini.
5. Nichols, T. (1999) Death and injury at work: A sociological approach (1999) Health and Work. – Palgrave, London. 86-106.
6. Stoesz, B., Chimney, K., Deng, C., Grogan, H., Menec, V., Piotrowski, C. (2020). Incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of non-fatal work-related injuries among older workers: A review of research from 2010 to 2019. Safety Science, 126, 104668.
7. Passmore, D., Chae, C., Borkovskaya, V., Baker, R., & Yim, J. H. (2019). Severity of US construction worker injuries, 2015-2017. In E3S Web of Conferences, 97, 06038). EDP Sciences.
8. Dillender, M. (2019). Climate Change and Occupational Health: Are There Limits to Our Ability to Adapt?. Journal of Human Resources. April 10 DOI: 10.3368/jhr.56.1.0718-9594R3.
9. Fontaneda, I., López, M. A. C., Alcántara, O. J. G., & Ritzel, D. O. (2019). Gender differences in lost work days due to occupational accidents. Safety science, 114, 23-29. DOI 10.1016/j.ssci.2018.12.027.
10. Amissah, J., Badu, E., Agyei-Baffour, P., Nakua, E. K., & Mensah, I. (2019). Predisposing factors influencing occupational injury among frontline building construction workers in Ghana. BMC research notes, 12(1), 728. DOI: 10.1186/s13104-019-4744-8.
11. Prevention of occupational injuries and occupational diseases in 2019. Social Insurance Fund of Ukraine Retrieved from: http://www.fssu.gov.ua/fse/control/main/uk/publish/ article/968035.
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).