BUILDING OF CONSOLIDATED CARGOESSUPPLY LOGISTICS FROM UKRAINE TO EUROPE
The paper analyzes the existing trends and prospects for the cargo delivery logistics development in the direction from Ukraine to the European Union within the individual companies work and certain routes, which allowed to form the research purpose in this development. The chosen topic is quite relevant, because the consolidated cargoes delivery processes are an logistics formation integral part in modern production processes. One of the ways to reduce the cargoes cost and services is to reduce the supplying cargoes cost. In the scientific works of Ukrainian and foreign scientists it was determined that a well-developed logistics services market with appropriate operators and infrastructure, will effectively implement the consolidated cargoes delivery technology in international traffic to reduce costs for all participants in this process. It is determined that it is necessary to choose a methodical approach to building efficient consolidated cargoes delivery logistics from Ukraine to Europe. It is proposed to consider this process in the two alternative channels to determine the effective consolidated cargoes supply building from Ukraine to Europe: "Shippers - Departure country terminal - Consignees" - "Logistics Channel-1"; "International Transport Company - Shippers – Destination terminal - Consignees" - "Logistics Channel-2". For example, "Logistics Channel-1" should be used for the consolidated cargoes delivery over long distances, where the use of light and medium load capacity vehicles is inefficient. The total supply logistics cost was chosen as an evaluation indicator of the efficient supply channel choice. Influence relevant parameters are taken into account: cargo shipment volume, shippers (consignees)number, carges transportation distance in international traffic, distance between shippers (consignees), one ton cargoes loading time, one ton cargoes warehousing time. A full-factor experiment simulation was performed, based on the results of which a regression model in power form with a nonzero coefficient was determined, in which each coefficient indicates the corresponding factor influence degree on the performance indicator. It is established that this model is the most adequate. When comparing the evaluation indicator values - the total costs, for each option, showed that the lowest value of 7.13 euros was obtained at the minimum cargoes orders volume values, the cargo transportation distance, the orders intensity. And the biggest difference of 199.86 euros was obtained when using "Logistics Channel-2" for the maximum cargo orders volume values, the cargo transportation distance through the Ukraine territory.
2. Costa, R., Jardim-Goncalves, R., Figueiras, P., Forcolin, M., Jermol, M., & Stevens, R. (2016). Smart Cargo for Multimodal Freight Transport: When “Cloud” becomes “Fog”, IFAC-Papers OnLine. 49 (12), 121–126.
3. Nowakowska-Grunt, J., & Strzelczyk, M. (2019). The cur-rent situation and the directions of changes in road freight transport in the European Union. Transportation Research Procedia, 39, 350–359.
4. Large, R.O., Kramer, N., & Hartmann, R.K. (2013). Pro-curement of logistics services and sustainable development in Europe: Fields of activity and empirical results. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management. 19 (3), 122–133.
5. Gregora, T., Krajčoviča, M., & Więcek, D. (2017). Smart Connected Logistics. Procedia Engineering, 192, 265-270.
6. Shramenko, N.Y., & Shramenko, V.O. (2018). Mathematical model of the logistics chain for the delivery of bulk cargo by rail transport. Scientific Bulletin of National Mining University, 5(167), 136–141.
7. Countries by commodity structure of Ukraine's foreign trade for January-December 2019. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2019/zd/kr_tstr/arh_kr_2019.htm
8. Litomin, E., Tolmachov, I., & Galkin, A. (2016) Use of the Distribution Center in the Ukrainian Distribution System. Transportation Research Procedia, 16, 313–322.
9. Svazas, M., Navickas, V., Krajnakova, E. & Nakonieczny, J. (2019). Sustainable supply chain of the biomass cluster as a factor for preservation and enhancement of forests. Journal of International Studies, 12 (2), 309–321.
10. Nefyodov, V. & Kalinichenko, O. (2020). Current status and current problems of the consumer goods delivery by auto-mobile transport in cities. Municipal economy of cities, 156 (3), 17–21.
11. Aulin, V., Lyashuk, O., Pavlenko, O., Velykodnyi, D., Hrynkiv, A., Lysenko, S., Holub, D., Vovk, Y., Dzyura, V. & Sokol, M. (2019). Realization of the logistic approach in the international cargo delivery system. Communications - Scien-tific Letters of the University of Zilina, 21(2), 3–12.
12. Szymczyk, K. & Kadłubek, M. (2019). Challenges in gen-eral cargo distribution K. strategy in urban logistics – compara-tive analysis of the biggest logistics operators in EU. Transpor-tation Research Procedia, 39, 525–533.
13. Large, R.O., Kramer, N., & Hartmann, R.K. (2013). Pro-curement of logistics services and sustainable development in Europe: Fields of activity and empirical results. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 19(3), 122–133.
14. Іvashkiv, I., Kupalova, H., Goncharenko, N., Khrutba, J. & Vovk, I. (2019). Optimization of Commodity Flows: The Case of Bakery Enterprises of Ukraine. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 15(3), 205–216.
15. Nowakowska-Grunt, J. & Strzelczyk, M. (2019). The current situation and the directions of changes in road freight transport in the European Union. Transportation Research Procedia, 39, 350–359.
16. Hasan, H., AlHadhrami, E., AlDhaheri, A., Salah, K. & Jayaraman, R. (2019). Smart contract-based approach for effi-cient shipment management, Computers & Industrial Engineer-ing, 136, 149–159.
17. Pavlenko, O., Velykodnyi, D., Lavrentieva, O., & Filatov, S. (2020). The procedures of logistic transport systems simula-tion into the petri nets environment, CEUR Workshop Proceed-ings, 2732, 854–868.
18. Volkov, V., Taran, I., Volkova, T., Pavlenko, O., & Be-rezhnaja, N. (2020). Determining the Efficient Management System for a Specialized Transport Enterprise. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 4, 185–191.
19. Konovalenko I. & Ludwig, A. (2019). Event processing in supply chain management – The status quo and research out-look. Computers in Industry, 105, 229–249.
20. Abed, M., Charfeddine, I., Benaissa, M. & Starostka-Patyk, M. (2013). Intelligent Traceability System of Containerized Goods, Applied Mechanics and Materials, 309, 241–251.
21. Results of Ukrainian e-commerce and logistics for 2019. Retrieved from: https://rau.ua/novyni/pidsumky-e-commerce-2019/.
22. CAT LC Ukraine. Retrieved from: https://www.groupecat.com.ua
23. Raben Ukraine. Retrieved from: https://ukraine.raben-group.com
24. Hezarkhani, B., Slikker, M., & Van Woensel, T. (2019). Gain-sharing in urban consolidation centers. European Journal of Operational Research, 279 (2), 380–392.
25. Naumov, V., Shulika, O. & Velikodnyi, D. (2015). Results of experimental studies on choice of automobile intercity transport delivery schemes for packaged cargo. MOTROL. Commission of Motorization and Energetics, 17(7), 87–91.
26. Pavlenko, O. & Velykodnyi, D. (2020). Forming of a rational scheme of servicing orders for cargo delivery by the freight forwarding company. Municipal economy of cities, 154 (1), 223–230.
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).