BUILDING OF CONSOLIDATED CARGOESSUPPLY LOGISTICS FROM UKRAINE TO EUROPE
Keywords:supply logistics, consolidation, cargo, logistics channel, regression.
The paper analyzes the existing trends and prospects for the cargo delivery logistics development in the direction from Ukraine to the European Union within the individual companies work and certain routes, which allowed to form the research purpose in this development. The chosen topic is quite relevant, because the consolidated cargoes delivery processes are an logistics formation integral part in modern production processes. One of the ways to reduce the cargoes cost and services is to reduce the supplying cargoes cost. In the scientific works of Ukrainian and foreign scientists it was determined that a well-developed logistics services market with appropriate operators and infrastructure, will effectively implement the consolidated cargoes delivery technology in international traffic to reduce costs for all participants in this process. It is determined that it is necessary to choose a methodical approach to building efficient consolidated cargoes delivery logistics from Ukraine to Europe. It is proposed to consider this process in the two alternative channels to determine the effective consolidated cargoes supply building from Ukraine to Europe: "Shippers - Departure country terminal - Consignees" - "Logistics Channel-1"; "International Transport Company - Shippers – Destination terminal - Consignees" - "Logistics Channel-2". For example, "Logistics Channel-1" should be used for the consolidated cargoes delivery over long distances, where the use of light and medium load capacity vehicles is inefficient. The total supply logistics cost was chosen as an evaluation indicator of the efficient supply channel choice. Influence relevant parameters are taken into account: cargo shipment volume, shippers (consignees)number, carges transportation distance in international traffic, distance between shippers (consignees), one ton cargoes loading time, one ton cargoes warehousing time. A full-factor experiment simulation was performed, based on the results of which a regression model in power form with a nonzero coefficient was determined, in which each coefficient indicates the corresponding factor influence degree on the performance indicator. It is established that this model is the most adequate. When comparing the evaluation indicator values - the total costs, for each option, showed that the lowest value of 7.13 euros was obtained at the minimum cargoes orders volume values, the cargo transportation distance, the orders intensity. And the biggest difference of 199.86 euros was obtained when using "Logistics Channel-2" for the maximum cargo orders volume values, the cargo transportation distance through the Ukraine territory.
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