• O. Afanasyev O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv



map, cartography, technology, geography, vision, projection, mathematical cartography.


Technological progress has touched practically all spheres of human activity. In the twenty first century, it is important to discover the world without a laptop or a smartphone, without software security, which allows you to quickly and effectively manage your business needs. Cartography has changed a lot and today. Making geographical discoveries, mankind from very ancient maps and protoplans came to mathematical cartography, and technological progress made it possible to create electronic maps, without which no modern person can do today.

Cartography, as a science, is closely related to geography, and geographic insights have long been a tool for cartography. As a prime example of what Columbus declared to the New World, that cardinal change in the manifestation of people about the world. The achievements of modern cartography are based on technological progress.

Far from skin science can boast of such a rich history of its formation as cartography, even though it is the root of ancient hours and skin historical period of the formation of cartography as a science of appearances with prominent examples of humankind and skin in its own way for culture.

The path of the formation of cartography as a science can be mentally subdivided into several periods: cartography of the ancient world; cartography of the period of great geographic appearances of seafarers; cartography, which is based on technical progress and mathematical basis; the latest cartography with the best modern technologies.

Cartography appeared, and the people learned how to designate coordinates. Modern cartography is a collapsible technological process based on the fundamental achievements of science and technology. Previously, the cards were hung on stones, created behind an additional penzle and parchment, but now the process has been completed, which allows you to take an electronic card and visualization using various modern technologies that are practically accessible to the skin.

Author Biography

O. Afanasyev, O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

PhD, Associate Professor of the Department


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How to Cite

Afanasyev О. (2022). RESULTS OF THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF FORMATION OF CARTOGRAPHY. Municipal Economy of Cities, 3(170), 190–194.