PROBLEMS OF RATIONAL USE AND PROTECTION OF FORESTRY LANDS
Society's needs in forest resources are due primarily to protective functions, and secondly to water protection, sanitation and health functions. Forests perform this or that function depending on their location, the area of the territory on which the forests are located and the composition.
The article considers the problems of rational use and protection of forest lands. It is determined that the negative impact on forest land is due to intensive use and negative dynamics of the ecological state, as a consequence of improper land use and the impressive scale of deforestation. Industrial production, radiation pollution as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant are the causes of deforestation.
It is noted that in accordance with the Constitutions of Ukraine, forests are objects of property rights of the Ukrainian people, but due to mass deforestation, citizens are gradually losing the right to use them.
It is noted that the protection and protection of forestry lands in general and forests in particular should be provided in accordance with existing legislation through the implementation of a set of measures, both traditional and new. The use of forests should be carried out exclusively in the order of general and special use in accordance with Art. 66, 67 of the Forest Code of Ukraine.
It is proposed to strengthen control over compliance with current legislation in the field of protection of forestry lands and forests and control over land use. Reforestation is carried out on the sites of the felled forest. As part of the implementation of the commitments to achieve zero levels of soil degradation, develop an effective action program to preserve the country's forest resources.
2. Forest Codex of Ukraine from 21.01.1994, № 3853-XII. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3852-12#Text (1994) [in Ukrainian].
3. State Agency of Forest Resources of Ukraine. http://dklg.kmu.gov.ua/forest/control/uk/publish/article?art_id=62921 (2016) [in Ukrainian].
4. Criminal codex of Ukraine from 5.04.2001, № 2341-III. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-14#Text (2001) [in Ukrainian].
5. UNIAN news agency, https://www.unian.ua/ecology/ 1272491-ekologichne-liho-vinishchennya-lisiv-v-ukrajini.html (2016) [in Ukrainian].
6. Deforestation, https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%97% D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%96%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F [in Ukrainian].
7. Lanovenko, O.G., Ostapishina, O.O., Vyshemirsky, V.S. Soil degradation [Dictionary-reference book on ecology]. PE Vyshemirsky V.S., Kherson (2013) [in Ukrainian].
8. Sapich, V.I., Sapich, N.M. International Economics: Workshop. University Book, Sumy (2003) [in Ukrainian].
9. United Nations document: United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and / or Desertification, Especially in Africa (1994).
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