PROBLEMS OF RATIONAL USE AND PROTECTION OF FORESTRY LANDS
Keywords:forest, felling, reforestation, afforestation, trees, erosion, industry. forest cover, desertification.
Society's needs in forest resources are due primarily to protective functions, and secondly to water protection, sanitation and health functions. Forests perform this or that function depending on their location, the area of the territory on which the forests are located and the composition.
The article considers the problems of rational use and protection of forest lands. It is determined that the negative impact on forest land is due to intensive use and negative dynamics of the ecological state, as a consequence of improper land use and the impressive scale of deforestation. Industrial production, radiation pollution as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant are the causes of deforestation.
It is noted that in accordance with the Constitutions of Ukraine, forests are objects of property rights of the Ukrainian people, but due to mass deforestation, citizens are gradually losing the right to use them.
It is noted that the protection and protection of forestry lands in general and forests in particular should be provided in accordance with existing legislation through the implementation of a set of measures, both traditional and new. The use of forests should be carried out exclusively in the order of general and special use in accordance with Art. 66, 67 of the Forest Code of Ukraine.
It is proposed to strengthen control over compliance with current legislation in the field of protection of forestry lands and forests and control over land use. Reforestation is carried out on the sites of the felled forest. As part of the implementation of the commitments to achieve zero levels of soil degradation, develop an effective action program to preserve the country's forest resources.
2. Forest Codex of Ukraine from 21.01.1994, № 3853-XII. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3852-12#Text (1994) [in Ukrainian].
3. State Agency of Forest Resources of Ukraine. http://dklg.kmu.gov.ua/forest/control/uk/publish/article?art_id=62921 (2016) [in Ukrainian].
4. Criminal codex of Ukraine from 5.04.2001, № 2341-III. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-14#Text (2001) [in Ukrainian].
5. UNIAN news agency, https://www.unian.ua/ecology/ 1272491-ekologichne-liho-vinishchennya-lisiv-v-ukrajini.html (2016) [in Ukrainian].
6. Deforestation, https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%97% D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%96%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F [in Ukrainian].
7. Lanovenko, O.G., Ostapishina, O.O., Vyshemirsky, V.S. Soil degradation [Dictionary-reference book on ecology]. PE Vyshemirsky V.S., Kherson (2013) [in Ukrainian].
8. Sapich, V.I., Sapich, N.M. International Economics: Workshop. University Book, Sumy (2003) [in Ukrainian].
9. United Nations document: United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and / or Desertification, Especially in Africa (1994).
How to Cite
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).