THE INFLUENCE OF THE COMPOSITION OF MINERAL WATERS ON THE ORGANISM OF WORKERS INVOLVED IN INSTALLATION OF INSULATION
The use of modern thermal insulation materials in construction is one of the additional sources of harmful production factors and also lead to the formation of fine dust. To date, the risk of loss of health of workers in the construction industry in contact with mineral wool is little studied. To reduce the risk of health of workers in the construction industry, it is necessary to give a comprehensive assessment of harmful factors of the production environment when using mineral wool in the technological process and justify measures to improve working conditions.
The paper provides information on a widely used in the construction industry insulation material - mineral wool. Its chemical composition is given. The main unfavorable factors of the working environment are revealed.
In the construction industry, one of the most pronounced harmful production factors is the formation and release of dust, which is an aerosol of predominantly fibrogenic action.
The development of the construction industry, the introduction of new insulation materials in the construction of industrial buildings, installations and structures, as well as residential and public buildings lead to new, insufficiently studied factors of the production environment that affect the health of workers and may increase the risk of health loss. To date, information on the effects of mineral wool on the body of workers and the toxicological characteristics of different types of mineral wool are fragmentary.
The chemical composition of the dust determines the nature and severity of the adverse effects of dust. The dispersion composition of the dust determines the depth of penetration of particles into the respiratory organs of workers. The stability of dust particles in the air of the working area, their concentration, shape and duration of exposure determine the dust load and the risk to the health of workers. Dust particles can sorb on their surface other pollutants, which both in the complex and in isolation pollute the air of the working area and have an adverse effect on workers.
An important criterion for the safety of mineral wool under inhalation is the dispersion of the dust formed. It is generally accepted that the most dangerous mineral wool dust with a dispersion of 3 microns or less.
2. Azarov, V.N. (2003). Kompleksnaya otsenka pyilevoy obstanovki i razrabotka po snizheniyu zapyilYonnosti vozdushnoy sredyi promyishlennyih predpriyatiy. Rostov-na-Donu.
3. Goryaynov, K.E. (1958). Tehnologiya mineralnoy vatyi i izdeliya iz nee. Gosstroyizdat.
4. Kozlov, D.N., Kuznetsov, A.N., & Turkovskiy, I.I. (2003). Dispersnyiy sostav pyili kak kriteriy patogennosti aerozolnogo zagryazneniya vozduha. Gigiena i Sanitariya, 1, 45–47.
5. Zhilin, A.I. (1953). Mineralnaya vata. Promstroyizdat.
6. Fujino, A., Hori, H., Higashi, T., Morimoto, Y., Tanaka, I., I, & Kaji, H. (1995). In-vitro Biological Study to Evaluate the Toxic Potentials of Fibrous Materials. International journal of occupational and environmental health, 1(1), 21–28.
7. Mіnregіon Ukrayini, 2012. DSTU B HOST 16381:2011 Materialy i vyrobybudivelni teploizoliatsiini. Klasyfikatsiia i zahalni tekhnichni vymohy. Кyiv: Minrehion Ukrainy, p. 6.
8. Mіnregіon Ukrayini, 2017. DSTU B V.2.7-318:2016 Vata mineralna. Tekhnichniumovy.. Кyiv: Minrehion Ukrainy, p. 18.
9. Bobrov, Y. L., Ovcharenko, E. G., Shojhet, B. M., & Petuhova, E. Y. (2010). Teploizolyacionnye materialy i konstrukcii. Infra.
10. Tursunov, Z.S. (2012, May). Perspektivy napravleniya izucheniya uslovij truda pri ispol’zovanii teploizolyacionnyh materialov. Perspektivy Napravleniya Izucheniya Uslovij Truda Pri Ispol’zovanii Teploizolyacionnyh Materialov, 40–49.
11. Nikolaeva, I.L., & Zemcov, A.N. (2001). Stroitel’naya teploizolyaciya i energosberezhenie. Steny i Fasady, 5(6), 32–36.
12. Kopytenkova, O.I., Levanchuk, A.V., & Tursunov, Z.S. (2014). Aktual’nye voprosy ohrany truda rabotayushchih pri ispol’zovanii mineral’noj vaty. Tekhnologii Tekhnosfernoj Bezopasnosti, 3(55).
13. Koledin, V. (2021). Mineralovatnye materialy na osnove prirodnogo i tekhnogennogo syr'ya Sibirskogo i Dal'nevostochnogo regionov (doctor of technical science).
14. Polonskij, V.M. (2006). Ohrana vozdushnogo bassejna zavodov stroitel’noj industrii: Uchebnoe posobie (p. 200).
15. Voroncov, A.A., & Mirovickaya, V.S. (1989). Difrakcionnyj metod izmereniya razmerov sfericheskih chastic. Izmeritel’naya Tekhnika.
16. Boguslavskij, E.I., & Azarov, V.N. (1997). Intensivnost’ vydeleniya i nakopleniya pyli v proizvodstvennom pomeshchenii. Bezopasnost’ Zhiznedeyatel’nosti. Ohrana Truda i Okruzhayushchaya Sreda, 48–49.
17. Kalyuzhina, E. (2012). Organizaciya monitoringa soderzhaniya melkodispersnyh chastic pyli v vozduhe gorodskoj sredy i rabochej zony pri remontno - stroitel'nyh i otdelochnyh rabotah (kand.tekh.nauk.).
18. Belov, S., Barbinov, F., & Koz'yakov, A. (1991). Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy (p. 319). Moscow: Vyssh. shk.
19. Voroncov, A., & Mirovickaya, V. (1989). Difrakcionnyj metod izmereniya razmerov sfericheskih chastic. Izmeritel'naya Tekhnika, 9, 22–23.
20. Krug, G., Kabanov, V., & Fomin, G. (1981). Planirovanie eksperimenta v zadachah nelinejnogo ocenivaniya i raspoznavaniya obrazov (p. 172). Moscow: Nauka.
21. Kundiiev, Y., Yavorovskyi, O., & Shevchenko, A. (2011). Hihiiena pratsi: pidruchnyk (p. 904). Kyiv: VSV "Medytsyna".
22. Izmerov, T. (1987). 22. Rukovodstvo po gigiene truda (p. 133). Moscow.
23. European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, (2008). Expert forecast on emerging chemical risks related to occupational safety and health [E-book]. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/report-expert-forecast-emerging-chemical-risks-related-occupational-safety-and-health
24. MOZ Ukrainy, 1999. DSN 3.3.6.042-99 Sanitarni normy mikroklimatu vyrobnychykh prymishchen. Kiyivь: MOZ Ukrainy, p. 106.
The authors who publish in this collection agree with the following terms:
• The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and give the magazine the right to first publish this work under the terms of license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (with the Designation of Authorship - Non-Commercial - Without Derivatives 4.0 International), which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this magazine.
• Authors have the right to make independent extra-exclusive work agreements in the form in which they were published by this magazine (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of an institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the link to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained. .
• Journal policy allows and encourages the publication of manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutions' repositories or on personal websites), both before the publication of this manuscript and during its editorial work, as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion and positively affects the efficiency and dynamics of the citation of the published work (see The Effect of Open Access).