METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO INVESTMENT RISK MANAGEMENT
Keywords:investment risks, risk classification, risk factors, risk forecasting, risk prevention, risk elimination.
The article considers the current state of the investment risk management system and emphasizes the specifics of the problem of investment processes, which significantly limits the applied capabilities of existing approaches to solving this problem. It is emphasized that any investment activity is always risky, because the consequences of a particular investment project or a combination of them always have unpredictable consequences. The main tasks in conducting investment activities are to identify risks, the ability to forecast and account for them. The authors propose their vision of the concept of investment risk. The importance of risk assessment is due to the fact that it is one of the main criteria for choosing an investment object. Making informed decisions in the field of risk management requires not only its assessment, but also a variety of analysis of the factors by which the classification of this type of risk. To ensure the economic stability of the enterprise, the expediency of grouping possible risks according to the degree of their negative impact on the firm has been proven. The classification of risks of investment activity is investigated and the internal factors of the risk management system are outlined. Internal factors of the risk management system include: the specifics of the enterprise, namely, its policies, strategies and tactics; organizational structure; staff qualifications It was proved that the most dangerous factors in the implementation of projects are fires, explosions, various industrial accidents, technical failures, etc. This group of factors also included unexpected changes in legislation, irresponsibility of partners, unfair competition, as they are also the causes of risky situations. As a conclusion, a set of measures to prevent and eliminate the consequences of risk was summarized, which is the basis of the developed investment risk management scheme.
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