MODEL OF RESTORATION OF MONUMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING USING GEOINFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
Keywords:reconstruction, historical infrastructure, protection of historical heritage, geoinformation technologies, post-war reconstruction, architectural and historical environment.
The article considers the current problem of preservation and development of the historical appearance of cities after the end of hostilities. Due to non-compliance with certain limits of modernization of building design (especially historical monuments), the city may lose its historic center, or its architectural ensemble may become unattractive to citizens and tourists.
The aim of the article is to study the historical experience of rebuilding war-torn buildings and architectural ensembles and to develop an algorithm for the restoration of architectural and urban monuments with the necessary infrastructure.
The authors of this study solve the following tasks: grouping the world experience of reconstruction of historical centers and neighborhoods of war-torn cities in four ways. Due to the fact that the task is quite extensive, it was divided into logical semantic blocks-stages and described in detail each of them.
Methods that will help solve this problem – to attract as many Ukrainian specialists as possible. Creating a spatial database that should systematize information from the pre-war appearance of the city and help specialists in geographic information systems and specialists in other fields in solving this complex problem. The need for a comprehensive assessment of damage and destruction was emphasized. An approximate material assessment of losses and development of a plan of further recovery measures is required for each individual structure. And only after the previous work it will be possible to perform a mass laser scan. Laser scanning data will be the basis for further three-dimensional modeling of buildings to be restored. After completing this series of actions, it will be possible to create projects for the modernization of renovated buildings and involve students and teachers in the implementation of architectural and construction schools in the city. The methods used in the article are geoinformation three-dimensional modeling of architectural structures using laser scanning.
As a result of the study, the authors proposed a five-step algorithm that can prevent post-war chaos in recreating the original appearance of cities and rationally distribute tasks among implementing organizations, monitor their work and reproduce the appearance of the city as accurately as possible. The expediency of involving representatives of the postmodern school in the restoration of the original historical appearance of cities was also questioned.
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