STUDY OF TECHNOLOGY OF BUILDING ELECTRONIC TOPOGRAPHIC PLAN OF THE AREA AND ITS CLASSIFIER ELEMENTS
Keywords:topographic and geodetic surveys, electronic topographic plan, cartographic and geodetic data, stages of the plan, survey network, classifier of plan elements.
The aim of the article is to study the process of development of electronic topographic plans and classifier of its main elements. The paper defines the features of the development of topographic maps. The role of electronic projects of geodetic support of land management is revealed. The features of geodetic works for the creation of electronic topographic plans are analyzed. The necessity of creation and process of development of the digital topographic plan is proved. The stages of work on the creation of electronic topographic plans and classifiers of its elements are determined. The requirements for the geodetic framework for survey work and the preparation of classifiers of elements of electronic topo-graphic plans of the area.
The reason for the creation of electronic topographic plans is due to both the requirements of practice and the results of theoretical studies. The dynamic development of this segment of information technology has been observed over the past few years, primarily due to the development of technical and system tools. This is the progress in the development of personal computers, and the rapid development of cartographic materials and their development, and most importantly it wanted to involve in the systematization and updating (creation of new) cartographic support of entire cities, with detailed information and databases on each land plot. Theoretical and applied problems solved with the help of electronic graphic plans cover almost all the fields of intellectual activity: science and technology, education, culture, business, and their functionality determines the implementation of scientific, practical and educational aspects.
Special consideration should be given to the method of preparation of cartographic information, topographic surveys, their encryption and the process of converting to Digital format.
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