NEAR-MISS-INCIDENTS AS AN INDICATOR OF INJURY LEVEL AT THE WORKPLACES OF WORKERS WITH DISABILITIES
Employment of people with disabilities is an important socio-economic issue for every country. In the conditions of constant growth of the number of people with persistent disabilities, due to the increasing share of the population with chronic diseases, industrial and domestic injuries, military conflicts, etc., the problem of socio-economic safety of people with disabilities, increasing their welfare becomes relevant from year to year. The choice of workplace, as well as the necessary measures for its adaptation for worker with disability should be made taking into account the level of injury risk, which can be determined by certain statistical indicators: frequency, severity, etc. Thus, the development of effective management decisions to ensure safety of workers at the workplace, in particular with disabilities, is based on an appropriate information base, which can be formed using both traditional and innovative methods of data analysis. The use of near-miss incidents as indicators of danger at the workplace is the modern proactive method of studying the state of occupational injuries, which has significant advantages over traditional methods of analysis of occupational injuries. This approach is optimal when planning workplace safety measures for workers with disabilities, as it allows taking into account the functional limitations of different groups of workers, and thus - to develop effective solutions to prevent the growth of occupational injuries. This contributes of increasing the level of employment of vulnerable groups and solving a number of important socio-economic problems. The article describes the results of the study of near-miss incidents on the example of an enterprise in the machine-building industry in the context of comparing of data for workplaces of workers with disabilities and workers without persistent disorders of the functional state of the body. It is shown that the presence of disability among workers in most cases affects on the increasing of the frequency of near-miss incidents at the workplaces.
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